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INVESTMENT ARBITRATION IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

Law and Practice

CSONGOR ISTVÁN NAGY

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) is the testing ground for investment arbitration in Europe: the majority of the cases against EU Member States are proceedings launched against countries from the region. Despite their relevance, CEE experiences have not been analysed in a comprehensive manner. This book is the first of its kind to present an extensive collection of case law on investment arbitration within Europe. Contributors provide contextual analysis, taking political, economic and regulatory factors in to account, to create an accessible text for practitioners and scholars alike.
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TABLE OF LEGISLATION

EUROPEAN UNION

 

Charter of Fundamental Rights 0.14, 0.24, 0.25

art 17 0.14, 0.24

art 51 0.24

Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) 2017 10.041–10.047, 10.049, 11.006, 13.010, 13.013

art 30 10.048

Council Directive 93/13 on abusive terms in contracts concluded with customers

arts 3, 4 3.30

Council Directive (EC) 2003/54/EC of 26 June 2003 concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 96/92/EC, OJ 2003 L 176/37 2.090

Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on services in the internal market, OJ L 376/3627.12.2006 6.094

Council Regulation (EEC) No 1785/81 of 30 June 1981 on the Common Organisation of the Markets in the Sugar Sector 10.099

Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use 10.148, 10.150

Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC OJ L p. 140, 5.6.2009    2.093

Energy Charter Treaty 0.17, 1.06, 1.07, 2.006, 2.021, 3.41, 4.122, 5.03, 6.031, 6.105, 6.109, 10.051, 11.006, 13.011, 14.21, 14.23

art 10 6.023, 7.35, 13.082

art 21 2.071

art 26 0.18, 6.023

European Convention on Human Rights 6.046, 10.061, 10.062, 10.066, 11.016

art 6 10.066, 11.038, 14.16

art 13 14.16

art 14 10.066

Protocol 1 10.066, 11.105

art 1 11.038. 13.091, 13.204, 13.205

Protocol 12 10.066

Regulation 1219/2012 of 12 December 2012 establishing transitional arrangements for bilateral investment agreements between Member States and third countries, OJ L 351, pp. 40–46 2.016, 10.039

Regulation 2019/452 of the European Parliament and of the Council of establishing a framework for the screening of foreign direct investments into the Union OJ L 791, 21.3.2019 3.26

Treaty of Lisbon 2.017, 6.025, 8.04, 8.06

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union 2017, 4.104, 4.120, 6.031, 6.094

art 18 6.032, 10.021, 10.022, 13.095

arts 206 6.025

art 207 6.025, 8.05

art 258 3.27

art 267 4.076, 6.032, 10.021, 10.027, 13.017, 13.095

art 344 6.032, 10.021, 10.027, 13.017, 13.095

INTERNATIONAL

Bilateral

Albania-Hungary BIT

art 8 6.022

Austria-Croatia BIT 3.30, 3.32, 3.45, 3.46

art 11 3.30

Austria-Czech Republic-Slovakia BIT 13.104

Austria- Poland BIT 10.029

Austria-Romania BIT

art 11 11.005

Austria-Slovakia BIT 13.113, 13.114, 13.117

art 4 13.116

art 8 13.115, 13.116

Austria-Slovenia BIT 14.06

Belgium-Luxembourg-Croatia BIT 3.44

Belgium-Luxembourg-Czech Republic BIT 4.084

art 8 4.084

Belgium and Luxembourg-Poland BIT 10.020

Belgium-Luxembourg-Romania

art 14 11.005

Belgium-Luxembourg- Serbia BIT 12.41

Bosnia-EC Stabilization Agreement 1.06

Bosnia-Turkey FTA 1.06, 1.08

Bosnia and Herzegovina-EFTA FTA 1.06

Bosnia and Herzegovina-Sweden BIT 1.02

Bosnia and Herzegovina-Netherlands BIT 1.05, 1.11

Bosnia and Herzegovina-Pakistan 1.05

Bosnia and Herzegovina-Slovenia BIT 14.07

art 1 14.06

art 5 14.08

Bulgaria-Belgium and Luxembourg BIT 2.014

art 8 2.014, 2.015

Bulgaria-Cyprus BIT

art 4 2.063

Bulgaria-Egypt BIT

art 5 2.010

art 8 2.009

Bulgaria-Finland BIT

art 8 2.063

Bulgaria-Germany BIT

Bulgaria-Hungary BIT

art 9 6.022

art 7 2.009

Bulgaria-Iran BIT

art 10 2.014

art 11 2.009

Bulgaria-Israel BIT

art 9 2.009

art 7 2.010

Bulgaria-Netherlands BIT 2.080

art 9 2.015

Bulgaria-Poland BIT 10.029

Bulgaria-Romania BIT

art 12 11.005

Bulgaria-Russia BIT

art 3 2.005

art 7 2.014

Bulgaria-South Korea BIT 2.011

art 11 2.005

Bulgaria-Sweden BIT

art 8 2.009

art 9 2.011

Bulgaria-Switzerland BIT 2.014

art 11 2.014

Bulgaria-UK BIT

art 11 2.011

art 14 2.018

Bulgaria-USA BIT 2.014

art 1 2.005

art 7 2.009, 2.016

art 13 2.018

Canada-Croatia BIT 3.47

Canada-Hungary BIT

art 9 6.022

Canada-Slovakia BIT 13.164, 13.185

art 15 13.184

China-Hungary BIT

arts 1. 10 6.022

China-Slovenia BIT 14.10

art 8 14.10

Croatia-Hungary BIT

art 8 6.022

Croatia-Poland BIT 10.029

art 3 10.052

Czech and Slovak Federal Republic-Switzerland BIT 13.119

art 1 13.120, 13.122

Czech Republic-Australia BIT 4.009

Czech Republic-Bulgaria BIT 4.009

Czech Republic-Denmark BIT 4.141

Czech Republic-Estonia BIT 4.141

Czech Republic-France BIT 4.001

Czech Republic-Germany BIT 4.061, 4.062, 4.063, 4.064, 4.065, 4.085, 4.092, 4.134

art 10 4.134

Czech Republic-Ireland BIT 4.141

Czech Republic-Israel BIT 4.009

Czech Republic-Italy BIT 4.141

Czech Republic-Malta BIT 4.141

Czech Republic-Netherlands BIT 4.012, 4.018, 4.019, 4.021, 4.049, 4.073, 4.074, 4.076, 4.077, 4.094, 4.108

art 3 4.037, 4.039, 4.044, 4.045, 4.046, 4.049

art 5 4.037, 4.039, 4.044, 4.048

art 8 4.042

Czech Republic-Romania BIT

art 12 11.005

Czech Republic-Russian Federation BIT 4.009

Czech Republic-Slovakia BIT 4.012, 4.141, 13.146

art 2 13.153

art 8 13.148, 13.150

art 12 13.149

Czech Republic-UK BIT 4.052, 4.103, 4.120

Czech Republic-USA BIT 4.012, 4.018, 4.019, 4.021

Czechoslovakia-Austria BIT 13.014

Czechoslovakia-Netherlands BIT 13.014

Croatia-Czech Republic BIT 3.51

Croatia-Netherlands BIT 3.42, 3.43

Croatia-Romania BIT

art 13 11.005

Croatia-Serbia BIT 3.48

Croatia-Slovenia BIT

art 3 14.09

Cuba-Hungary BIT

arts 1, 8 6.022

Cyprus-Hungary BIT 6.052, 6.063, 6.065, 6.066

art 3 6.017

art 4 6.052

art 7 6.066

art 10 6.019

Cyprus-Poland BIT 10.020

Cyprus-Romania BIT

art 11 11.005

Denmark-Romania BIT

art 16 11.005

Egypt-Hungary BIT

art 8 6.022

Estonia-Finland BIT 5.58, 5.60

Estonia-Germany BIT 5.58, 5.60

Estonia-OPIC BIT 5.06

Estonia-UK BIT 5.74

Estonia-USA BIT 5.43, 5.49, 5.53, 5.74

Finland-Bulgaria BIT

art 1 6.013

Finland-Poland BIT 10.029

Finland-Romania BIT

art 11 11.005

France-Hungary BIT 6.007, 6.014, 6.097, 6.098, 6.100

preamble 6.011

art 1 6.012, 6.014

arts 3, 4 6.015

art 5 6.017

art 9 6.019

France-Poland BIT 10.020, 10.151

France-Romania BIT

art 2 6.013

art 11 11.005

Germany-Greece BIT 0.03

Germany-Poland BIT 10.029, 10.124

art 2 10.126

arts 4, 5 10.121

art 11 10.126

Germany-Portugal BIT 0.03, 10.121

Germany-Romania BIT

art 13 11.005

Germany-Slovenia BIT

art 1 14.10

Greece-Poland BIT 10.029

Greece-Romania BIT

art 13 11.005

Greece-Serbia BIT 12.37, 12.43

Hungary-Austria BIT 6.007

preamble 6.011

arts 1, 2 6.012

art 3 6.015

art 8 6.019

art 10 6.012

art 11 6.019

art 12 6.022

Hungary-Azerbaijan BIT 6.024

Hungary-Belgium-Luxembourg BIT 6.007

preamble 6.011

art 2 6.012

art 3 6.017

art 4 6.016, 6.017

arts 8, 9 6.019

Hungary-Cambodia BIT 6.024

Hungary-Denmark BIT 6.007

art 1 6.012

art 3 6.017

art 9 6.019

Hungary-Finland BIT 6.007

art 9 6.019

Hungary-Germany BIT 6.007

preamble 6.011

art 1 6.012

art 3 6.015

art 4 6.016, 6.017

art 9 6.012

Hungary-Italy BIT 6.007

Hungary-Greece BIT

art 3 6.017

Hungary- Jordan BIT 6.024, 6.028

Hungary-Poland BIT 10.029

Hungary-Romania BIT

art 12 11.005

Hungary-Slovenia BIT

art 8 14.10

Hungary-Sweden BIT 6.007, 6.014

preamble 6.011

art 1 6.002

art 2 6.014

art 3 6.012

art 4 6.015

art 6 6.017

art 7 6.018

art 8 6.018

arts 10, 11, 14 6.019

Hungary-USA IGA 6.007

India-Hungary BIT 6.021

Indonesia-Hungary BIT 6.021

arts 4, 9 6.022

Israel-Hungary BIT 6.021

art 8 6.022

Israel-Slovenia BIT 14.06

Italy-Slovenia BIT 14.29

Jordan-Poland BIT 10.138

Korea-Hungary BIT

art 3 6.017

Latvia-Hungary BIT

art 1 6.022

Latvia-Romania BIT

art 11 11.005

Latvia-Sweden IA

art 2 7.20

art 7 7.17

Lebanon-Hungary BIT

arts 1, 8 6.022

Lithuania-Australia BIT 8.14, 8.15

Lithuania-Czech Republic BIT 8.15

Lithuania-Denmark BIT 8.15, 8.26

Lithuania-Estonia BIT 8.15

Lithuania-Hungary BIT 8.15, 8.18

Lithuania-Iceland BIT 8.15

Lithuania-Israel BIT 8.18

Lithuania-Jordan BIT 8.18

Lithuania-Korea BIT 8.18

Lithuania-Kuwait BIT 8.15, 8.17

Lithuania-Latvia BIT 8.18, 8.27

Lithuania-Poland BIT 8.18, 10.029

Lithuania-Romania BIT

art 13 11.005

Lithuania-Russian Federation BIT 8.17, 8.18, 8.36, 8.39, 8.40, 8.41, 8.42, 8.77

Lithuania-Serbia-Montenegro BIT 12.45

Lithuania-Slovenia BIT 8.18

Lithuania-Spain BIT 8.18

Lithuania-Ukraine BIT 8.15

Lithuania-USA BIT 8.15, 8.18

Lithuania-Vietnam BIT 8.16, 8.18

Luxembourg-Poland BIT 0.29

Macedonia-Hungary BIT

art 8 6.022

Macedonia Model BIT 9.03

Macedonia-Israel BIT 14.06

Macedonia-Slovenia BIT 14.06, 14.07

Malaysia-Hungary BIT

art 1 6.022

Montenegro-Cyprus BIT 12.67

art 1 12.68

Morocco-Hungary BIT 6.022

arts 1, 9 6.022

Netherlands-Czechoslovakia BIT

art 8 0.09, 0.11

Netherlands-Hungary BIT 6.007, 6.070, 6.072

preamble 6.011

arts 1, 2 6.012

art 3 6.015, 6.017

art 4 6.016

art 5 6.018

art 10 6.019

Netherlands-Poland BIT 10.020, 10.226

arts 3, 5 10.096

art 12 10.170

Netherland-Romania

art 13 11.005

Netherlands-Slovakia BIT 3.27, 4.076, 5.95, 13.085, 13.092, 13.095, 13.098, 13.102, 13.124, 13.129, 13.130, 13.136

art 3 13.085, 13.090, 13.093, 13.102, 13.132

art 4 13.085, 13.090, 13.093, 13.102

art 5 13.085, 13.090, 13.093

art 8 13.125, 13.127

Netherlands-Slovenia BIT 14.19

Netherlands-Yugoslavia BIT 12.56

Norway-Hungary BIT 6.028, 6.059, 6.061

art 11 6.022

Norway-Lithuania BIT 8.48

Paraguay-Hungary BIT

arts 8, 10 6.022

Poland-Hungary BIT

arts 1, 4, 10 6.022

Poland-Portugal BIT 10.019, 10.020

Poland-Romania BIT

art 10 11.005

Poland-Slovakia BIT 13.137

Poland-Spain BIT 10.029

Portugal-Hungary BIT 6.079. 6.080, 6.085, 6.087

art 8 6.022, 6.081, 6.087

Portugal-Romania BIT

art 12 11.005

Poland-Slovakia BIT 10.030

Poland-Slovenia BIT 10.030

Poland-Sweden BIT 10.029

Poland-UK BIT 10.029

Poland-USA BIT 10.108, 10.114, 10.134, 10.185

Romania-Canada BIT 11.070

Romania-Germany 11.033

Romania-Israel BIT 11.033

Romania-UK BIT 11.070

Serbia-Austria BIT 12.43

Serbia-Cyprus BIT 12.48

Singapore-Hungary BIT

art 12 6.022

Slovak Model BIT 2016 13.047–13.069, 13.072, 13.208

Slovakia-Romania BIT

art 12 11.005

Slovakia-United Arab Emirates BIT 13.049

Slovenia-Croatia BIT 3.49, 14.22

Slovenia-Romania BIT

art 12 11.005

Spain-Hungary BIT

art 2 6.012

art 3 6.017

art 5 6.018

art 6 6.018

Spain-Romania BIT

art 12 11.005

Sweden-Romania BIT 11.026

art 10 11.005

Switzerland-Hungary BIT 6.007, 6.014, 6.070, 6.072

art 1 6.014

art 2 6.012

art 4 6.015, 6.017

arts 10, 12 6.019

Switzerland-Romania BIT 11.064

Turkey-Hungary BIT, art. 1 6.022

Turkey-Romania BIT 11.053

Turkey-Slovenia BIT

art 8 14.10

UK-Hungary BIT 6.007, 6.072

preamble 6.011

art 1 6.012

art 2 6.017

art 3 6.015, 6.017

art 4 6.016, 6.017

art 7 6.018

art 8 6.019

art 10 6.018

art 13 6.019

UK-Romania BIT

art 13 11.005

Ukraine-Poland BIT 10.131

USA-Croatia BIT 3.22

USA-Poland BIT 10.196

art VII 10.199

USA-Slovakia BIT 13.164

Yemen-Hungary BIT

art 1 6.022

Multilateral

CEFTA 1.06, 9.02

Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States 1.09

Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards 1927 13.011

ICC Arbitration Rules 3.48, 8.38, 10.089

ICSID Arbitration Rules 3.41, 3.45, 3.49, 4.066, 12.33, 13.013

rule 9 3.50

rule 41 6.073, 6.096

rule 43 5.85, 5.87

rule 45 2.078

ICSID Administrative and Financial Regulations

art 14 11.044

ILO Tripartite Declaration on Multinational Enterprises 1.09, 1.10

ILC Articles on State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts

art 4 4.093, 10.207, 13.132

art 5 4.093, 10.208, 10.222, 13.132

art 8 4.093, 10.209, 13.132

art 11 4.093

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) Convention 1.09, 2.006, 6.009, 9.02

New International Economic Order UN Resolution 1.09

New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards 1958 1.09, 3.14, 4.008, 4.083, 5.01, 5.22, 6.040, 7.02, 7.05, 7.15, 8.32, 8.33, 8.40, 8.41, 8.42, 8.43, 8.44, 9.08, 10.055, 10.056, 10.057, 11.006. 11.007, 11.011, 11.013, 13.011, 13.033, 13.034, 13.036, 13.056, 13.061, 13.083, 13.209, 13.210

art I 6.040

art III 13.035

art IV 5.25

art V 2.034, 4.080, 8.31

OECD Convention on the Protection of Foreign Property 1967 6.010

Permanent Sovereignty UN Resolution 1.09

Rules of the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce

art 35 5.86

UN Code of Conduct on Transnational Corporations 1.09

UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights 1.09

UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules 3.22, 3.46, 3.51, 4.081, 4.089, 4.095, 4.102, 5.19, 6.116, 7.17, 8.18, 8.28, 8.35, 8.56, 10.04, 10.265, 11.008, 12.37, 13.046, 13.054, 13.106, 13.113

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration 1958 2.026, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 4.006, 6.037, 7.03, 7.13, 10.055, 10.057, 11.008, 13.013, 13.083, 13.210

art 11 13.127

art 34 7.06

UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration 13.050, 13.072

UNIDROIT Principles

arts 2, 4, 10 13.110

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969 6.031, 8.41, 8.44, 10.07

art 26 14.25

art 30 13.092

art 31 13.116, 13.136

art 59 13.092

art 62 2.018

Washington Convention for the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States 1965 (ICSID Convention) 1.09, 2.006, 3.14, 4.008, 5.02, 5.22, 6.008, 6.080, 7.02, 8.18, 10.004, 10.056, 11.006, 11.011, 11.038, 11.072, 12.57, 13.011, 13.029, 13.030, 13.031, 13.033, 13.053, 13.054, 13.061, 13.079, 13.208

art 6 14.13

art 25 6.098, 13.147

art 39 14.29

art 53 0.29, 14.14

art 54 0.29, 5.30, 14.14

art 64 14.14

World Bank Investment Guidelines 1.09

World Trade Organization 2.004, 3.01

National

Belgium

Code Judicaire 1998

art 1691 10.097

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Act on Policy Regarding Foreign Investments 1998 1.12, 1.13

Investment Promotion Act 1997

art 3 2.002

art 5 2.002

Bulgaria

Bank Insolvency Act

art 11 2.120

art 16 2.119, 2.120

Code on Civil Procedure 2.022, 2.026

art 19 2.026

art 365 2.022

art 519 2.025

Constitution

art 19 2.001

art 26 2.001

Corporate Tax Act 2001

art 61B 2.059

Energy Act

art 82 2.090

Energy from Renewable Sources Act 2011 2.095

International Commercial Arbitration Act 2.026, 2.027

art 1 2.027

art 3 2.027

art 8 2.028

art 38 2.029

art 47 2.030

art 51 2.032

Obligations and Contracts Act

art 26 2.035

Private International Law Code

art 45 2.035

Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources and Biofuels Act 2.093, 2.095, 2.141

Croatia

Act on Investment Promotion NN 102/15, 25/18, 114/18 3.18

Act on Private International Law Official Gazette No. 101/17 3.18

Companies Act 1993 3.18

arts 611, 612, 619,620 3.18

Concessions At NN 69/17 3.18

Constitution of Republic of Croatia NN 56/90, 135/97, 8/98, 113/00, 124/00, 28/01, 41/01, 55/01, 76/10, 85/10, 05/14 3.16, 3.17, 3.18

art 19 3.16

art 48 3.16

art 50 3.16, 3.18

Labour Act NN 93/14 3.18

Law on Arbitration NN 88/012001 3.10, 3.11, 3.13

arts 2, 3 3.12

Law on Investment Promotion and Development of Investment Climate NN 111/12, 28/13 3.18

Law on Resolution of Conflict of Laws with Regulations of Other Countries NN 91/96, 68/98, 137/99, 22/00, 73/00, 129/00, 114/01, 79/06, 141/06, 146/08, 38/09, 153/09, 143/12, 152/14

art 365 3.10

Law on the Conclusion and Execution of International Treaties NN 28/96 3.25

Ownership and Other Property Rights Act NN 91/96, 68/98, 137/99, 22/00, 73/00, 129/00, 114/01, 79/06, 141/06, 146/08, 38/09, 153/09, 143/12, 152/14 3.16

Protection of Competition Act NN 79/09, 80/13 3.18

Czech Republic

Act No. 216/1994 Coll., on Arbitral Proceedings and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards 4.006, 4.008, 4.063

Act on Private International Law 4.007

Code of Civil Procedure 4.006

Constitution

art 10 4.008

Imperial Code of Civil Procedure 4.001

Estonia

Code of Civil Procedure Law 2006 5.18, 5.19, 5.23

s 753 5.20

s 754 5.22

s 757 5.28

Hungary

Act No. XXIV of 1988

s 1 6.043

Act No. LIII of 1994 6.041

Act No LXXI of 1994 6.037

s 4 6.039

Act No. LXX of 2008 6.108

Act No. CXCVI of 2011

s 17 6.039

Act No. LX of 2017 6.038, 6.039

Act No. LXXXIII of 2017 6.024

Act No. CXXXVI of 2017 6.038

s 53, 54 6.041

Act LIV of 2018 6.038

Decree no. 25 of 1962 6.040

Civil Code 6.044

s 6.458 6.44

s 6.459 6.044

Constitution 6.045

Decree No. 28 of 1972 on economic associations with foreign participation 1968 6.005, 6.006, 6.012

arts 11, 13 6.005, 6.018

Decree No. 27 of 1987 6.008

Decree No. 7 of 1989 6.009

Decree No. 74 of 1990 6.007

Latvia

Arbitration Act 2015 7.12

art 5 7.12

Arbitration Law Project 2007

art 2 7.11

art 8 7.10

art 12 7.10

art 15 7.11

Civil Procedure Code 1938 7.06

Civil procedure Law 1999 7.06, 7.09

Lithuania

Code of Civil Procedure (OJ), 28 February 2002)

art 270 8.25

Law on Administrative Procedure (OJ), 3 February 1999, No. 13-308 8.25

art 86, 87 8.25

Law on Investments (OJ), 30 July 1999, No 66-2127 8.21, 8.26

Macedonia

Constitution

art 110 9.09

Law on International Commercial Arbitration 9.05

art 1 9.05

art 8 9.07

art 36, 37 9.08

Law on Securities 9.24

Law on Transformation of the Power Supply Company of Macedonia the Joint Stock Company for Production, Transmission and Distribution of State-owned Electricity 2004 9.11

art 4 9.11

Montenegro

Foreign Investment Law 2011 12.02, 12.27

arts 1–3 12.29

arts 4, 5 12.30

arts 6–10 12.31

arts 11, 12 12.32

art 30 12.33

Poland

Act on Real Estate Management 1997 10.063

Code of Civil Procedure 10.055, 10.056, 10.059, 10.060, 10.064, 10.067

art 417 10.095

art 1 10.054

Entrepreneurs Act 2018 10.053

Romania

Code of Civil Procedure 11.010

Constitution

art 20 11.016

art 44 11.016

Government Emergency Ordinance (GEO) no. 92/1997 11.008

art 4 11.008, 11.018

art 5 11.018

art 8 11.018

art 10 11.018

art 11 11.008

Government Emergency Ordinance no. 85/2008 11.009

art 2 11.009

Law no. 33/1994 11.016

art 1 11.016

Law no. 255/2010 concerning expropriation for public utility, needed for completion of national, county and local interest objectives 11.016

Law no. 18/2017 for the approval of termination of agreements concerning promotion and reciprocal protection of investments between Romania and other Member States of the European Union 11.005

New Code of Civil Procedure 2015 11.011, 11.013, 11.016, 11.019, 11.105

art 562 11.016

art 1121 11.012

art 1124 11.012

art 1125 11.012

art 1127 11.012

art 1128 11.013

art 1129 11.013

art 1133 11.013

Serbia

Law on Foreign Investments 2002 12.14

Law on Investments 2015 12.02, 12.14

art 2 12.16

art 3 12.17, 12.18, 12.19, 12.21

art 6 12.22

art 7 12.23

art 10 12.24

arts 25, 26, 28 12.25

arts 31–33 12.25

art 36 12 .25

Slovakia

Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic on Judicial Execution and Enforcement Activities (Act No. 233/1995 Coll.) 13.031, 13.032, 13.035

Act on Certain Measures concerning the Preparation of Major Investments (Act No. 175/1999 Coll.) 13.024

Act on International Private Law 13.074

Act on Investment Incentives (Act No. 561/2007 Coll.) 13.026

Act on Mediation (Act No. 420/2004 Coll.) 13.044

Act No. 276/2001 Coll. replaced by a new Act No. 250/2012 Coll. on the Regulation in Network Industries as amended 13.197

Act No. 558/2001 Coll. amending Act No. 44/1988 Coll. 13.172, 13.174, 13.181

s 27 13.171, 13.179

Act No. 513/1991 Coll., the Commercial Code 13.197

Act No. 581/2004 Coll. on Health Insurance Companies, Supervision of Health Care and Amendments to Certain Acts 13.087

Act No. 522/2006 Coll. amending Act No. 581/2004 Coll. on Health Insurance Companies, Supervision of Health Care and Amendments to Certain Acts 13.088

Act No. 530/2007 Coll. amending Act No. 581/2004 Coll. on Health Insurance Companies, Supervision of Health Care and Amendments to Certain Acts 13.088

art 15 13.088

No. 429/2008 Coll. on the Submission of Commercial Companies’ Price Proposal 13.197

Act No. 250/2011 Coll. on amending Act No. 581/2004 Coll. on Health Insurance Companies, Supervision of Health Care and Amendments to Certain Acts 13.091

Arbitration Act (Act No. 244/2002 Coll.) 13.029, 13.036, 13.038, 13.041, 13.042, 13.044, 13.081, 13.083, 13.207, 13.209, 13.210, 13.211

art 50 13.032

Code of Civil Litigation (Act No. 160/2015 Coll.) 13.041

art 28 13.071

Code of Civil Procedure (Act No. 99/1963 Coll.) 13.041

Collective Investment Act (Act No. 203/2011 Coll.) 13.027

Constitution (Act No. 460/1992 Coll.) 13.139, 13.140. 13.204

art 4 13.049

art 7 13.021

Law on Support for the Establishment of Industrial Parks (Act No. 180/1995 Coll.) 13.024

Slovenia

Banking Act (ZBan-2) 14.16

Code of Obligations (OZ) 14.16

Constitution 14.12, 14.13

art 8 14.13

art 153 14.13

art 160 14.16

Constitutional Court Act

art 51 14.15

Corporate Income Tax Act (ZDDPO-2) 14.16

Customs Service Act (ZCS-1) 14.16

Economic Zones Act (ZEC) 14.16

Financial Instruments Market Act (ZTFI) 14.16

Foreign Affairs Act

art 87 14.13

Law of Property Code (SPZ) 141.6

Payment Transactions Act (ZPlaSS) 14.16

Private International Law and Procedure Act

art 108 14.14

Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment and the Internationalisation of Enterprises Act 14.15

Takeovers Act (ZPre-1) 14.16

Value Added Tax Act (ZDDV-2) 14.16

Sweden

Arbitration Act 0.29

art 36 4.058