The global Indigenous rights movement has played a major role in recasting the opportunities available to some of the world's most vulnerable people. After generations of colonialism and paternalism, both focused on asserting external control over traditional Indigenous lands, Indigenous demands for recognition and found traction after World War Ii, particularly in the wealthier liberal democracies. As Indigenous groups in Canada, the USA, Australia and New Zealand secured recognition of their treaty and Indigenous rights, they reached out to counterparts in Scandinavia, Central AMerica, Africa and Asia. What became known as the Fourth World movement found a ready audience in the United Nations and among a variety of liberally-minded support organizations and international agencies. This effort culminated in the 2007 passage of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and growing international attention to the socio-economic and cultural realities of the hundreds of Indigenous societies around the world. While high profile agreements, like UNDRIP, marked major achievements and while a small number of Indigenous groups used the recognition of rights to re-empower their communities, most Indigenous peoples continue to struggle with state domination, economic marginalization and cultural loss.
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