Handbook on the Governance and Politics of Migration
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Handbook on the Governance and Politics of Migration

Edited by Emma Carmel, Katharina Lenner and Regine Paul

This innovative Handbook sets out a conceptual and analytical framework for the critical appraisal of migration governance. Global and interdisciplinary in scope, the chapters are organised across six key themes: conceptual debates; categorisations of migration; governance regimes; processes; spaces of migration governance; and mobilisations around it.
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Chapter 27: Technology, knowledge and the governing of migration

Julien Jeandesboz

Abstract

References to technology abound in ongoing policy and political debates on the governing of people on the move. In these policy and political debates, the assumption is generally that technology can improve migration governance. The chapter argues that the effects of specific devices, such as biometric identification systems or computerised networks for migration and border enforcement should always be examined as unfolding with socio-technical and techno-political contexts. By critically examining the available literature, the chapter identifies the politics of knowledge, namely the reasoning and knowledge practices underpinning the identification and sorting of persons on the move as the core matter raised by the imbrication of technology and migration governance. The matter at hand is not how technology can improve migration governance, in this respect, but how shifts within socio-technical settings within migration governance and beyond lead to transformations in the way persons on the move are known to governmental authorities, and therefore acted upon.

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