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The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
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Peter Vajda, Varvara Aleksić and Tina Hunter


The sustainability of energy systems is one of the elements of the so-called energy trilemma, together with energy security and energy equity. The International Energy Charter signed in May 2015 makes particular reference to this by recognising the global challenge posed by the energy trilemma and calls for efforts by all countries to achieve sustainable development. Proper assessment of the environmental impacts of energy projects, an increased uptake in energy generated from renewable sources and increased energy efficiency throughout the entire supply and consumption system can lead to an increased uptake of the sustainability dimension in the energy trilemma. Article 19 is the cornerstone of the Energy Charter Treaty in this particular dimension.

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