Chapter 8: Donkey friends as Chinese backpackers
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This chapter focuses on backpackers originated in Chinese social and cultural settings. The native term ‘donkey friend’ was adopted to highlight such social and cultural peculiarities. From a conceptual perspective with five defining criteria for backpackers, donkey friends, despite a strong group orientation, can still be regarded as backpackers. The strong group orientation for donkey friends mainly manifests in the way they organize their trips. Donkey friends mostly organize trips collectively with fellow travellers, rather than with the assistance of a travel agent. All fellow travellers could provide advice on aspects of travel planning, predominantly through online communication. Such pre-trip online interaction, therefore, gives donkey friends a sense of control over their trips.

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