This chapter provides an overview of the research progress in the study of the relationship between tourism and economic growth in China during the past 40 years. First, it briefly introduces the historic background of Chinese tourism economics research, which is somewhat different from Western counterparts as it has strong connections with national policy and strategy. It then elaborates on the shift of the most studied topics and outputs in China according to its developing context, from the calculation of input–output-based tourism multiplier to tourism-led growth hypothesis (TLGH), tourism resource curse and non-linear threshold effect analysis. Finally, some critical challenges as well as the future research directions in this field are presented in line with China’s national conditions.
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