After the end of the Second World War, Marxism trifurcated into western, Soviet, and Third World forms. This trifurcation has produced a theoretical landscape that mystifies national oppression - the nub of imperialism and neocolonialism - as a specific type of oppression. By operating within this theoretical landscape, Marxists have succumbed to the disciplinary fetishisms of mainstream capitalist epistemologies. This chapter considers the way legal fetishism, state fetishism, and market fetishism render neocolonialism invisible in the era of transnational monopoly finance capitalism that set in after the Second World War. It concludes with reflections on different strands of Lenin’s thoughts, and their relevance for developing an explanatory critique of international law and neocolonialism from Marxist perspectives in the current ‘epoch of imperialism’.
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