Chapter 26: Realizing human rights and the 2030 Agenda through comprehensive impact assessments: Lessons learned from addressing indigenous peoples rights in the energy sector
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The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights reflect the expectation that companies avoid infringing on human rights, while the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development calls upon all businesses to apply their creativity and innovation to solving sustainable development challenges. In combination, they constitute a unique and universal framework for coherence, and a strong basis for multi-stakeholder dialogue and consensus around shared development aspirations and outcomes. Operationally, human rights impact assessments (HRIAs) need to embrace this combined framework by addressing the full range of human rights, along with the environmental, social and economic dimensions of sustainable development. Furthermore, development actors must strive to ensure coherence between broad development strategies and policies and align individual projects with this framework. While this may appear costly or overly complex, experience suggests that it may be needed to minimize legal, financial and reputational risks, and ensure legitimacy and sustainability of positive development outcomes.

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