Chapter 27: The EU Effort Sharing and LULUCF Regulations: The Complementary yet Crucial Components of the EU’s Climate Policy beyond 2030
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The EU climate and energy framework for 2030 commits the EU and its Member States to a binding target of at least a 40 per cent domestic reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. Together with the EU ETS Directive, the Effort Sharing and LULUCF Regulations form the essence of the policy through which the EU aims to meet its climate target and comply with the commitments under the Paris Agreement. The two Regulations create an explicit regulatory framework for the Member States to design and implement national climate measures. However, their success depends ultimately upon how ambitiously the Member States employ the discretion this framework allows them. Moreover, because the Regulations are tightly interwoven with progress at international level in the context of the Paris Agreement, they most likely will have to be reviewed and revised as the international climate regime advances.

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