The positioning of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in relation to the informal sector goes back a long way. It covers the analysis of informal apprenticeship in Sub-Saharan Africa from the early 1960s, and the acknowledgement that there were parallels in South Asia where skills development was secured informally both in the formal and in the informal sectors of the economy. The recognition that the informal sector was to be found within the formal sector of the economy meant that there were several types of informal skills development operating within the so-called formal sector of the economy. The realisation that skills development was operating within the informal sector but that this was going on also within the formal sector meant that there were real challenges to ‘formalising the informal sector’.
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