Taking culture as the fourth pillar of sustainable development, the Cultural Heritage Counts for Europe Report has evidenced that cultural heritage is a resource for sustainable development. The level of overlap between the domains covered by the four pillars of the sustainable development model demonstrates the level of sustainability that activities or targets can reach. The report has developed the upstream approach; this illustrates that by positioning sustainable development at the core, the contribution of cultural heritage to various resources can be identified. Similarly, at the local level, the study of the sustainable management and development framework and its four main components (quality protection, innovative economic processes, skill building and public participation) brings to light the possible combination of targets required to generate local sustainable outcomes aligned with the protection and valorization of cultural heritage. In this case, local sustainable development is also positioned at the core.