Chapter 7: Measuring organizational culture: converging on definitions and approaches to advance the paradigm
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Culture is one of the most interdisciplinary constructs in organizational research, drawing insights from a vast range of disciplines including anthropology, psychology, sociology, and economics. Given the interdisciplinary nature of organizational culture, and given the often-lamented lack of a unifying definition of culture, it is not surprising that a variety of measurement tools have been developed and used. But without clear agreement about how organizational culture is defined and measures that emphasize construct validity, it will continue to be difficult to accumulate knowledge and advance our understanding of organizational culture. Recently, researchers have called for a focus on establishing field-wide construct validity for measures of organizational culture to advance the paradigm. In this chapter we address the challenge of defining organizational culture and evaluate measurement options that, considered in conjunction, can increase construct validity and accessibility to relevant data while reducing various biases. Some of these approaches have emerged from innovations in computational power and increases in the availability of relevant digital data.

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