This chapter deals with the diversity of readings and appropriations of the work of Malthus in Portugal and Brazil during the nineteenth century. Three cases of reception are considered. The first concerns the comments by José da Silva Lisboa to the Essay on the Principle of Population, stressing the relation between population growth and available means of subsistence. The second case discusses the critical analysis of Francisco Solano Constâncio of Malthus’s Principles of Political Economy in the context of the discussion of J.-B. Say’s law of markets and of the occurrence of crises of overproduction. The third relates to the use by José Ferreira Borges of Malthus’s Definitions in Political Economy and his search for a systematisation of relevant concepts. This chapter also includes a variety of examples of the dissemination of Malthus among Portuguese-speaking authors, with impact on political debate related to demographic and social issues.
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