China–North Korea Relations
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China–North Korea Relations

Between Development and Security

Edited by Catherine Jones and Sarah Teitt

Developing a new approach to exploring security relations between China and North Korea, this timely book examines China’s contradictory statements and actions through the lens of developmental peace. It highlights the differences between their close relationship on the one hand, and China’s votes in favour of sanctions against North Korea on the other, examining the background to this and its importance.
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Chapter 7: China’s policy preferences in dealing with North Korea’s non-traditional security challenges

Jaewoo Choo


This chapter adopts Carl Schmitt’s securitization theory in seeking to understand relations between China and North Korea. As a socialist comrade and an ally, China has no other choice but to keep security relations between China and North Korea as a bilateral issue. Hence, in seeking to maintain the bilateral relationship China still has a propensity to restrain from appeasing other international community members seeking to choke off goods flowing into North Korea and instead Beijing and the provinces continue to provide by assistance to North Korea. Simultaneously, it is unwilling to provide non-traditional security (NTS) to the North for political and economic reasons of its own. Other regional states understand that China’s position is a reaction to processes of politicization and securitization, and that this presents problems in developing a common position.

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