Transport provisions, including walking can impact positively and negatively on children. Positively through providing access to a wider range of facilities and places. Negatively when provision of public transport is poor and when private vehicles dominate contributing to air pollution, less safe environments and when they support unsustainable lifestyles. Urban form has increasingly changed to accommodate the needs of rising traffic numbers rather than prioritising the needs of children for safe and healthy environments that support independent mobility, socialising and outdoor play. Rising traffic levels and children’s withdrawal from the public realm results in spatial and social deskilling of children and reduces their sense of belonging. Children themselves through the climate change movements are challenging the ways society functions, including its reliance on fossil fuels and rising traffic trends. Cities are also recognising the need to find alternative urban forms where neighbourhoods, streets and the places children live are de-trafficked to create better safer living environments for children, their families and society in general.
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