Chapter 9: The decline of human dignity and solidarity through the misuse of constitutional identity: the case of Hungary since 2010
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The chapter deals with the impact of the constitutional backsliding on the decline of human dignity and solidarity in Hungary since 2010. The first part discusses the Constitutional Court's strong commitment to the protection of human dignity and solidarity rights prior to the illiberal turn. The second part highlights the contrast between these developments and the system of 'national cooperation' introduced by the Hungarian Fundamental Law and the new directions of the constitutional case law since 2011. The chapter concludes that the new illiberal system with its anti-neoliberal rhetoric has left behind the vulnerable members of society, homeless people and refugees, disrespecting their human dignity, and trying to diminish or cut the solidarity actions of the members of the Hungarian society. As the chapter demonstrates, the jurisprudence of the packed Constitutional Court with its abusive reference to the country's constitutional identity has been instrumental in rubberstamping the government's 'non-solidarity' policy disrespecting human dignity.

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