Nordic Perspectives on Nature-based Tourism
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Nordic Perspectives on Nature-based Tourism

From Place-based Resources to Value-added Experiences

Edited by Peter Fredman and Jan V. Haukeland

Nature-based tourism (NBT) is a sector where entrepreneurial success is highly knowledge driven. This insightful book offers a comprehensive evaluation of NBT in a Nordic context, highlighting how long-established Nordic traditions of outdoor recreation practices can reveal lessons for the field more broadly. Chapters explore Nordic and international perspectives, local communities, market dynamics, firms, creativity, innovations and value-added experience products.
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Chapter 3: Frameworks to understand natural and cultural resources in nature-based tourism

Knut Bjørn Stokke, Morten Clemetsen, Øystein Aas, Thrond O. Haugen, Stian Stensland and Thomas Haraldseid

Abstract

This chapter assesses natural and cultural resources in development of nature-based tourism, by applying two different analytical frameworks: social-ecological systems (SES) and landscape resource analysis (LRA) in two case areas in Norway (birdwatching in Varanger, angling in Trysil). Analyses based on the SES framework have its strength in showing the central links and challenges among ecological, social and governance components when utilizing resources in nature-based tourism. LRA relies on qualitative data and local knowledge, particularly through sense of place analyses based on workshops with local participants. Applied to two case studies, the two analytical frameworks contribute to better understand and utilize resources in more sustainable ways in nature-based tourism. They also show how natural and cultural resources may supplement each other in these contexts. In order to link natural and cultural resources, in-depth knowledge about local relations to nature is necessary.

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