Chapter 4: Philosophical paradigms underlying discourse analysis: methodological implications
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Discourse Analysis is a broad research methodology that includes various approaches. The plurality of discourse analysis approaches can be linked to the different paradigms that underlie discourse studies. Each paradigm has its foundational assumptions with regard to ontology, epistemology, and the nature of social sciences. Consequently, the different assumptions lead to different approaches to discourse analysis. The chapter calls for aligning research design choices to discourse analysis approaches and their underlying paradigms. It includes categorization of social sciences paradigms based on objectivity-subjectivity dimension and regulation-radical change dimension. Discourse analysis approaches are categorized based on their conception of discourse, their level of analysis, and their understanding of discourse as constituting or constituted by organizing. The chapter concludes with recommendations on the suitable research design choices for each discourse analysis approach.

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