Chapter 5: Action research - for practitioners and researchers
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Action research is an approach to research that integrates theory and practice through research in action. It is essentially emancipatory and collaborative and it engages those directly affected by the issues at hand as co-researchers. It generates actionable knowledge, that is knowledge that is useful for practitioners and robust for scholars. It is conducted in the present tense whereby it is enacted through cycles of planning, action and reflection. Action research is understood to be a family of approaches and is expressed through modalities, such as action learning, appreciative inquiry, cooperative developmental action inquiry, learning history and participatory action research to name some of the more common ones. It is practised in many settings – business, community development, education, health care, nursing, midwifery and each of these typically has its own application and literature.

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