Mental illness directly affects more than 450 million people worldwide, with as many as 1 in 5 people experiencing significant mental health problems each year. Mental illnesses are among the most common and costly health issues affecting workplaces and workplace outcomes - with productivity losses estimated in the hundreds of billions. Fortunately, many organizational leaders have begun to recognize the toll of poor employee mental health. Over the past few decades, significant improvements in mental health awareness and stigma reduction have led to greater insight into how organizations can play a critical role in protecting employee mental health and supporting employees with mental illnesses. In this chapter, we provide (a) a summary of the relationship between mental health and the workplace, (b) examples of recent progress and current practices undertaken by organizations to help protect employee mental health, and (c) a call to action for future research and practice on employee mental health and mental illness in the workplace.
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