This chapter analyzes geopolitical and other implications of China's BRI initiative for Central Asian countries. After gaining independence in 1991 these land-locked countries have been pursuing the policy of looking for ways out of transport isolation from outer world markets. From this perspective, the BRI became a timely initiative that sounded and looked promising for them because it symbolizes and embodies the revitalization of the ancient Great Silk Road. However, this process brings with it a transformative effect for peoples of the region. How the BRI target nations react to any form of influence from the side of great power is a sophisticated question that requires a dialectical and nuanced approach.
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