Chapter 26: Tajikistan: Chinas security gatekeeper in Central Asia
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Half of China's Belt and Road Initiative depends on connecting Central Asia. To revive the old Silk Road, Chinese state-owned enterprises are reconnecting Tajikistan's northern cities, which were once important cities western from Kashgar. With less than 30 years of diplomatic relations, the Belt and Road Initiative has quickly become the prime cooperation framework between China and Tajikistan. For Tajik leaders, Chinese commercial interest in the country is highly welcomed, as other foreign investors continue to be cautious of its changing security environment. In 2017, Tajikistan has aligned its National Development Strategy 2030 with the Belt and Road Initiative, in hopes of connecting and developing its small economy with China, Central Asian countries, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Since then, many Chinese projects have thrived in the name of Belt and Road. This chapter offers an overview of Sino-Tajik relations in the context of the Initiative.

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