Effectively planning for cities that are prepared for the climate crisis remains challenging. As complex, dynamic, and highly integrated systems, cities must navigate significant governance challenges and anticipate potential risks all while planning for desired changes. Understanding the current landscape of city planning and governance approaches is important in developing strategic responses to the climate emergency. To transition to more favourable futures, diverse knowledge and perspectives need to be incorporated into strategic planning processes. Municipal governance, and the goals laid out therein, are typically shaped by various forms of interacting institutions. By assessing current governance approaches, this chapter aims to provide useful insight into city responses to the climate emergency and the dynamic interconnections across scales. An assessment of existing municipal strategies can also inform future adaptation scenarios and strategic plans addressing climate change.
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