Chapter 9: Cities and climate change: a review of current metrics
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The increase in global temperature since the mid-20th century has mainly been caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Today, more than half of the world's population lives in cities, and most of the built assets and economic activities are concentrated in cities. These factors make cities a major contributor to gas emissions. Furthermore, cities are highly vulnerable to environmental problems associated with patterns of development and the transformation of geographic areas. Thus, cities participate in the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change by using emission accounting methods. The main objective of this study is to perform an inventory of existing metrics in scientific research databases. We used the standard systematic literature review method, performing a search of the ten most relevant journals in the field. This inventory of existing metrics contributes to the establishment of a connection between monitored indicators, their characteristics and coverage of the most diverse ecosystem services.

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