Chapter 18: Bunkerization: elite preparedness and retreat in the Anthropocene
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Mounting evidence of ecological deterioration and climate change should convey an urgent message about the need to consider the state of the environment and the planet now - but also in terms of how future 'social life' will unfold and how new urban, national, and global divisions might follow. Climate change and anthropogenic global warming are leading to increases in air and ocean temperatures, changes to precipitation and storm patterns, rising sea levels and creeping desertification. The prospect is that this will lead to intra- and inter-national population movements and inequalities, 'climate refugees' and a 'climate divide'. In response, we will see extensions and extremes of social divisions, inclusion/exclusion, currently highlighted by the Covid19 pandemic and the Black Lives Matter movement. This paper reviews trends toward a future society of bunkerization and quarantine, social separation, and climate apartheid, in which technologies and architectures are employed to divide and re-invent city-spaces, with implications for urban life and the public sphere.

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