This chapter borrows from the Object-Oriented modeling, design, and programming methodology from Computer Science, used to organize data structures and programs into such structures as Classes, Sub-Classes and concrete Objects instantiated from Classes. This methodology will be used here to present a novel practices framework, in order to establish a tree or lattice of value practices and supporting elements, such that the top of the graph specifies in a very general way what should be applicable to every city or community, and other nodes derived from the main node that can be applied to types of cities with specific characteristics. The bottom nodes of the graph can then be instantiated to particular cities. The chapter sections review the main literature, illustrate the use of the framework, compare the advantages of this way of organizing practices as opposed to others, and describe avenues for further development.
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