Chapter 6: Unilateral and extraterritorial sanctions policy: the Russian dimension
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Russia faces extensive unilateral sanctions by the US, the EU and other states. The use of sanctions aims to affect Russian policy on Ukraine and to influence political issues in Russian-Western relations including the supposed interference in elections, the problem of human rights and the alleged use of chemical weapons. Russia for its part imposes counter-sanctions and takes measures to improve the resilience of its national economy. Both sides have created sophisticated legal frameworks to use sanctions vis-à-vis one another. Western restrictions may harm the Russian economy but will hardly make Moscow change its policy. Russian countermeasures exert only a tiny effect on Western policy. In the current stalemate neither side makes concessions under sanctions. This chapter analyses both the recent experience of the use of unilateral sanctions against Russia by the US, the EU and other countries and Russia’s adaptation to these sanctions, including its use of countermeasures.

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