Chapter 21: Unilateral sanctions as unilateral coercive measures: discussing coercion at the UN level
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The present chapter explores legal issues relating to the identification of unilateral coercive measures (UCMs). The legality of measures of economic coercion has long been discussed in United Nations fora but no consensus has emerged on this issue. The chapter addresses the scope of the working definition of UCMs as used in the context of the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on human rights. The chapter then proceeds with a review of the main features of UCMs as used in the contemporary practice of states, through an attempt at setting out the basic elements of a material typology of unilateral sanctions. Finally, the chapter sets out an argument on the necessity to better ‘map’ the use of UCMs, especially given identified shortcomings of existing mapping tools, with a view to alleviating concerns raised by the practice of UCMs.

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