Chapter 22: From targeted states to affected populations: exploring accountability for the negative impact of comprehensive unilateral sanctions on human rights
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The purpose of this chapter is to explore the main issues pertaining to accountability of source entities for the negative impact their comprehensive unilateral sanctions produce on persons living in the targeted states. It first maps the human rights impact of these sanctions, before turning to the substantive and procedural hurdles to accountability, that is, the uncertain existence of extraterritorial human rights obligations of source entities and the scarcity of available remedies whether at the interstate level or before human rights adjudicative bodies. It also argues that beyond these hurdles the causality link between comprehensive sanctions and a violation of human rights in a given situation may be almost impossible to establish. It then discusses the humanitarian impact of comprehensive unilateral sanctions through the prism of countermeasures, before concluding by some remarks on the complex interplay between sovereignty-oriented and human rights-oriented arguments in this highly politicized field of international law.

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