Climate Change and the Oceans
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Climate Change and the Oceans

Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond

Edited by Robin Warner and Clive Schofield

Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region.
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Chapter 7: Climate change and maritime security

Stuart Kaye


The first decade of the twenty-first century has seen a dramatic increase in international interest in two key issues facing the international community. The first of these concerns, which grew to prominence in the wake of the terrorist attacks in the United States on 11 September 2001, is the international focus on maritime security. The introduction of the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code 2004) within the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in 2002, the negotiation and continuing implementation of the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) from 2003 (Kaye 2005, pp. 205–229), the adoption of unilateral measures such as the Container Security Initiative by the United States, and most recently the renegotiation of the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA Convention 1988; SUA Protocol 2005) in October 2005, have all occurred in direct response to the threat of terrorism to shipping. In the foreseeable future, further likely amendments to the SUA Convention, the continuing evolution of rules on Long Range Identification and Tracking of vessels using satellite monitoring technology within the IMO, and increasing regional cooperation through the Asia Pacific on maritime security are all possible.

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