Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law
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Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law

Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins

Governments around the world have been trying to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for decades. This detailed Handbook considers the spectrum of legal and market-based instruments as well as strategies and policies adopted around the world and suggests more effective, comprehensive and responsive ways of managing climate change mitigation.
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Chapter 6: Climate change mitigation in the transportation sector in the United States

Laurel Berzanskis


In the United States, the transportation sector makes up 27 percent of the national carbon dioxide (‘CO2’) emissions. Within the transportation sector, vehicles are responsible for 83 percent of CO2 emissions. While CO2 makes up the largest portion of greenhouse gases (‘GHG’) from vehicles (approximately 95–99 percent), automobile exhaust produces methane and nitrous oxide, and emissions from end of life disposal and air conditioner leaks emit hydrofluorocarbons. Against this context, it is perhaps unsurprising that US regulatory efforts addressing GHG from the transportation sector focus on vehicles. While the US does regulate air pollution emissions from locomotives, marine engines and aircraft, GHG from these sources are not specifically regulated.

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