The application of the principle of precautions to cyber operations
Yunus Emre Gül Faculty of Law, University of Bonn

Search for other papers by Yunus Emre Gül in
Current site
Google Scholar
Restricted access

The interconnected nature of cyberspace hardens the application of the principle of precautions to cyber operations. Despite the fact that the principle of precautions falls behind the other two principles that regulate the conduct of hostilities (i.e., the principles of distinction and proportionality), its practical importance renders it as significant as those latter principles. However, in order to truly apply the principle of precautions in this complex environment, it should be applied by tilting it towards humanity rather than seeking to balance humanity with military necessity.

Contributor Notes

This article is an expanded version of the author’s LLM thesis (King’s College London). The shorter version of the thesis has also been published as a book chapter in Turkish. The author can be reached at

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.


Pay to Access Content (PDF download and unlimited online access)

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with your Elgar account