Protection of farmers’ rights to plant varieties under the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: focusing on India and Thailand
Jinyup Kim Myongji University, South Korea

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Farmers have made enormous contributions to the conservation of crop diversity and development of plant varieties for thousands of years. A number of international agreements have been concluded to enable them to continue to make such contributions. Based on such agreements, many countries around the world – including the two countries discussed in this article, India and Thailand – have adopted appropriate laws designed to protect farmers’ varieties and relevant rights. However, the relevant two laws in these two countries take different approaches to protecting these rights, which makes it relatively harder for one of the two, Thailand, to protect its farmers’ rights to plant varieties. Accordingly, this article analyses the two laws in these countries. Drawing on this analysis, suggestions are made on how to improve the law in Thailand under one of the relevant international agreements, namely the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

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