Drivers of private consumption in the era of financialisation: new evidence for European Union countries
  • 1 Department of Political Economy, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE), Portugal

This paper provides an empirical assessment of private consumption in the era of financialisation, using panel data for all 28 European Union countries from 1995 to 2019. According to the Post-Keynesian literature, there are two stylised facts: a fall in household labour income and an increase in both household debt and household financial and housing wealth. The two developments have opposite effects, with the former lowering private consumption and the latter increasing it. A Post-Keynesian private consumption equation is estimated by including four variables connected to those two stylised facts (household labour income, household debt, household financial wealth, and household housing wealth) and five additional control variables (lagged private consumption, short-term interest rate, long-term interest rate, inflation rate and unemployment rate). The results show that these two stylised facts have been detrimental to private consumption in the European Union countries as a whole, and more specifically in the euro area countries. The positive debt and wealth effects have not been sufficient to compensate for the negative labour income effect. The fall in household labour income has been the greatest constraint on the evolution of private consumption in the euro area countries.

Contributor Notes

Email: The author thanks the helpful comments and suggestions of two anonymous referees, Brenda Spotton Visano, Elif Karaçimen, Julio Huato, Marta Silva, Rúben Barros, Thomas Palley, the participants in the Dinâmia’CET–ISCTE Workshop on Dinâmicas Socioeconómicas e Territoriais Contemporâneas (Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, December 2017), the participants in Seminário Experiências de Governança (Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, March 2018), the participants in 2º Encontro Annual de Economia Política (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra, February 2019) and the participants in 10th Annual Conference in Political Economy (University of Lille, July 2019). The usual disclaimer applies.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.


Pay to Access Content (PDF download and unlimited online access)

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with you Elgar account