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The Digital Citizen(ship)

Politics and Democracy in the Networked Society

Luigi Ceccarini

This cutting-edge book explores the diverse and contested meanings of ‘citizenship’ in the 21st century, as representative democracy faces a mounting crisis in the wake of the digital age. Luigi Ceccarini enriches and updates the common notion of citizenship, answering the question of how it is possible to fully live as a citizen in a post-modern political community.
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Luigi Ceccarini

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Xielin Liu, Xiao Wang and Yimei Hu

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Xielin Liu, Xiao Wang and Yimei Hu

This original book is a unique and original study on how, in the past decade, Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) have achieved technological innovation in the large infrastructure sector. It reveals a ‘new world’ of Chinese innovations, showing that SOEs are willing to innovate and more than capable of doing so. Based on findings from first-hand data and years of in-depth observations, this book shows how the innovation ecosystem perspective incentivizes and facilitates Chinese SOEs’ innovation and highlights entrepreneurial role of the government.
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Xielin Liu, Xiao Wang and Yimei Hu

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Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins

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Networks, SMEs, and the University

The Process of Collaboration and Open Innovation

Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins

Exploring the process of university collaboration from the perspective of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this book offers an in-depth examination of the collaboration process, dispelling the myth of the disengagement of these firms. Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins present a thorough account of how SMEs can ‘unlock the ivory tower’ and gain access to university knowledge to support their own innovation.
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Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins

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Xinzhe Song

The term ‘distinctiveness’ is used in trademark law to refer to the capacity of a trademark to distinguish the goods of one undertaking from those of other undertakings. The importance of this concept can be seen in Article 15 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement), which provides that any sign having distinctiveness shall be capable of constituting a trademark. Gradually, ‘distinctiveness’ has come to be used to describe the distinguishing capacity of other distinctive signs, including geographical indications (GIs). This article explores the distinctiveness of GIs. It begins with a discussion of the meaning of GI distinctiveness in the different GI protection contexts to reveal its particularity compared to the traditional concept of trademark distinctiveness. The second part of the discussion shows, however, that the concept of GI distinctiveness is not given sufficient importance in the protection of GIs, and is confused with the distinctiveness of collective or certification marks. This article therefore calls for an approach that recognizes the importance and the particularity of the distinctiveness of GIs in the design of GI protection mechanisms.

The author is grateful to the editor and anonymous referee for their valuable comments.