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Michael C. LaBelle

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Energy Cultures

Technology, Justice, and Geopolitics in Eastern Europe

Michael C. LaBelle

This thought-provoking book explores the concept of energy cultures as a means of understanding social and political relations and how energy injustices are created. Using Eastern Europe as an example, it examines the radical transition occurring as the region leaves behind the legacy of the Soviet Union, and the effects of the resulting power struggle between the energy cultures of Russia and the European Union.
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Michael C. LaBelle

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Michael C. LaBelle

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Energy Transitions in Mediterranean Countries

Consumption, Emissions and Security of Supplies

Silvana Bartoletto

This illuminating book analyses energy transitions, carbon dioxide emissions and the security of energy supply in Mediterranean countries. Unpacking the history of energy transitions, from coal to oil and natural gas, and from non-renewable to renewable energy sources, Silvana Bartoletto offers a comparative approach to the major trends in energy consumption, production, trade and security in Mediterranean countries in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.
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Silvana Bartoletto

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Silvana Bartoletto

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Conclusions

The Financial Constraints of Eco-Innovation Companies

Edgardo Sica

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Defining eco-innovations: characteristics, typologies and socioeconomic approaches

The Financial Constraints of Eco-Innovation Companies

Edgardo Sica

‘Eco-Innovations’ (EIs) are a type of innovations that may contribute to reduce the environmental burden and to deal with specific problematic areas, such as greenhouse effects, loss of biodiversity, sustainable use of natural resources and so on. However, despite their relevance, EIs still represent a vague and unclear concept. The present chapter firstly clarifies the true meaning of EIs, by defining their characteristics and typologies. Then, it explores and contextualises roles and functions of EIs for sustainability in the framework of two contrasting approaches, namely the more traditional neoclassical literature on innovations and the new evolutionary studies on the techno-paradigm shifts.

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The drivers of eco-innovations

The Financial Constraints of Eco-Innovation Companies

Edgardo Sica

The main incentive for innovation activities in companies is generally given by the possibility of achieving higher market shares and more profits. In turn, this is affected by a number of internal-to-company drivers (for example, company size, cost-savings associated with the implementation of innovations and so on) and external-to-company drivers (for example, market characteristics and competitiveness level and so on). However, in the case of EIs, further eco-related external factors should be taken into account, such as the type and effectiveness of environmental policy adopted, the environmental consciousness of consumers and their related preference for environmentally friendly goods and services. This chapter reviews all these aspects discussing the existing theoretical and empirical knowledge about the main drivers of EIs.