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Edited by Ross Dowling and David Newsome
Ewald Nowotny, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth
How should we improve economic structures to ensure inclusive and sustainable growth in the European Union (EU)? This introductory chapter sketches important issues raised in the remainder of the book. It highlights strategies to facilitate Europe’s return to balanced growth and convergence, while also revisiting the transition experience of Central, Eastern and Southeastern European (CESEE) countries. Structural policies are seen as key to stimulating growth, ensuring monetary transmission and helping to create fiscal space. Ideally, reforms should also make public administration more efficient and include a supportive macroeconomic policy mix. Consequently, the European Commission has raised the idea of providing financial incentives for structural reforms. Moreover, institutional reform of Economic and Monetary Union is crucial for the resilience of the euro area. The chapter confirms that structural convergence among EU member states – in particular in the CESEE region – is well under way. During the transition process, many CESEE countries followed the advice of institutions that favoured a shock therapy as opposed to a gradual approach more in line with the European social model. Some of the reforms may have gone too far, which might explain why we have recently seen some policy reversals. So, future-oriented structural reforms require comprehensive packaging of reforms to reap the benefits intended.
Michális S. Michael and Yücel Vural
In this introductory chapter, Michael and Vural frame the challenge confronting the Cyprus peace process around a series of nagging questions that have eluded progress for over four decades: can third parties (the United Nations, the European Union and others) realistically broker peace, reconciliation and unification in Cyprus? Was 2015–17 really the last chance for a (reunified) resolution to the Cyprus problem? If not, what is the way forward? What of the future? How, will Cyprus and its conflict unfold 10–20 years from now in a post-negotiated situation (whether a unitary, federated, two-state or status quo solution prevails)? What are the means of creating a dialogue under all, or any, of these circumstances? Coming in the midst of the 2015–17 Cyprus talks, the chapter notes the difficulty of ‘shadowing’ ongoing developments while endeavouring to analyse and assess how an imagined solution would affect, and/or deter, the politics of change and continuity.
This chapter discusses methodological approaches developed in order to study human rights law integration and fragmentation from a users’ perspective. To study human rights norms in an integrated way, three methodologies are presented and compared: relational and inclusive case law analysis, rewriting (quasi-)judicial decisions from an integrated perspective on human rights norms, and analysing interactions between different branches of human rights law and general human rights law. In order to arrive at an inclusive approach to rights holders, two methodologies are put forward, namely relational and inclusive case law analysis, and a case-based approach to human rights violations. Thereinafter, the chapter analyses some methodological refinements made in the study of users’ perspectives. The study of human rights law as an integrated whole from a users’ perspective seems characterised by three common features: cross-thinking (understood as thinking across established boundaries both within human rights law and between disciplines), a focus on impact and effectiveness, and an inclination towards collaborative research. Finally, the relevance of adopting an integrated approach and/or a users’ perspective beyond human rights law is argued for and illustrated.
Fritz Sager, Christian Rosser, Céline Mavrot and Pascal Y. Hurni
In the sense of inherited ideas about the history of government in a specific national context, intellectual traditions are commonly regarded as cultural variations, historical legacies, or path dependencies. In our book, we contest the dominating perspective of path dependent national silos. We show that learning from other traditions is in no way a new phenomenon and has happened before New Public Management entered the stage. Therefore, we propose to conceive of intellectual administrative traditions as hybrid and open for exogenous ideas. Using a very different case scenario, our book concentrates on the USA, Germany and France, since the Anglo-American, Germanic and Napoleonic traditions find their purest manifestation in these countries. Accordingly, the first chapter introduces the transfer-of-ideas approach, claiming that the Anglo-American and Continental European paths have met at significant road junctions.
William A. Birdthistle and John Morley
Marcelo G. Kohen and Mamadou Hébié
In this introduction, Marcelo G. Kohen and Mamadou Hébié present the topic and explain the main methodological choices that the editors have made to structure the international law framework applicable to territorial disputes.
This chapter introduces the idea of the company share and its role in corporate finance, society and culture at large. The legal nature of a share is explained. It describes patterns of UK share ownership and notes the burgeoning presence of overseas shareholders in UK listed companies. The public policy reasons for regulating shares are identified. The differences between shareholders in limited companies and participators in other organisations are mapped out. Shareholders and other stakeholders are distinguished. The chapter concludes by noting the technical distinction between shareholders and members. The use of the company share as a device to facilitate fraud is noted.
Edmund C. Stazyk and H. George Frederickson
Since its inception, the aim of this Handbook has been three-fold. We have sought, first and foremost, to assemble a unique collection of chapters that offers our readers a broad yet comprehensive scholarly overview of US public administration theory and practice—to be sure, a daunting task. United States public administration is vast in its domains, covering considerable intellectual terrain. For example, Dimock and colleagues have characterized merely the study of public administration in the following manner. [P]ublic administration examines every aspect of government’s efforts to discharge the laws and to give effect to public policy; as a process, it is all the steps taken between the time an enforcement agency assumes a jurisdiction and the last brick is placed (but includes also the agency’s participation, if any, in the formulation of the programme in the first place); and, as a vocation, it is organizing and directing the activities of others in a public agency. (Dimock et al. 1958, pp. 11–12)
The chapter first provides a basic overview of the broad field of personnel economics, examining some of its key research questions and approaches. It then discusses how this broader field can be applied specifically to professional sport, particularly focusing on the peculiar institutional mechanisms in sport that potentially impact this application.