This chapter discusses methodological approaches developed in order to study human rights law integration and fragmentation from a users’ perspective. To study human rights norms in an integrated way, three methodologies are presented and compared: relational and inclusive case law analysis, rewriting (quasi-)judicial decisions from an integrated perspective on human rights norms, and analysing interactions between different branches of human rights law and general human rights law. In order to arrive at an inclusive approach to rights holders, two methodologies are put forward, namely relational and inclusive case law analysis, and a case-based approach to human rights violations. Thereinafter, the chapter analyses some methodological refinements made in the study of users’ perspectives. The study of human rights law as an integrated whole from a users’ perspective seems characterised by three common features: cross-thinking (understood as thinking across established boundaries both within human rights law and between disciplines), a focus on impact and effectiveness, and an inclination towards collaborative research. Finally, the relevance of adopting an integrated approach and/or a users’ perspective beyond human rights law is argued for and illustrated.
Fritz Sager, Christian Rosser, Céline Mavrot and Pascal Y. Hurni
In the sense of inherited ideas about the history of government in a specific national context, intellectual traditions are commonly regarded as cultural variations, historical legacies, or path dependencies. In our book, we contest the dominating perspective of path dependent national silos. We show that learning from other traditions is in no way a new phenomenon and has happened before New Public Management entered the stage. Therefore, we propose to conceive of intellectual administrative traditions as hybrid and open for exogenous ideas. Using a very different case scenario, our book concentrates on the USA, Germany and France, since the Anglo-American, Germanic and Napoleonic traditions find their purest manifestation in these countries. Accordingly, the first chapter introduces the transfer-of-ideas approach, claiming that the Anglo-American and Continental European paths have met at significant road junctions.
William A. Birdthistle and John Morley
Marcelo G. Kohen and Mamadou Hébié
In this introduction, Marcelo G. Kohen and Mamadou Hébié present the topic and explain the main methodological choices that the editors have made to structure the international law framework applicable to territorial disputes.
This chapter introduces the idea of the company share and its role in corporate finance, society and culture at large. The legal nature of a share is explained. It describes patterns of UK share ownership and notes the burgeoning presence of overseas shareholders in UK listed companies. The public policy reasons for regulating shares are identified. The differences between shareholders in limited companies and participators in other organisations are mapped out. Shareholders and other stakeholders are distinguished. The chapter concludes by noting the technical distinction between shareholders and members. The use of the company share as a device to facilitate fraud is noted.
Edmund C. Stazyk and H. George Frederickson
Since its inception, the aim of this Handbook has been three-fold. We have sought, first and foremost, to assemble a unique collection of chapters that offers our readers a broad yet comprehensive scholarly overview of US public administration theory and practice—to be sure, a daunting task. United States public administration is vast in its domains, covering considerable intellectual terrain. For example, Dimock and colleagues have characterized merely the study of public administration in the following manner. [P]ublic administration examines every aspect of government’s efforts to discharge the laws and to give effect to public policy; as a process, it is all the steps taken between the time an enforcement agency assumes a jurisdiction and the last brick is placed (but includes also the agency’s participation, if any, in the formulation of the programme in the first place); and, as a vocation, it is organizing and directing the activities of others in a public agency. (Dimock et al. 1958, pp. 11–12)
The chapter first provides a basic overview of the broad field of personnel economics, examining some of its key research questions and approaches. It then discusses how this broader field can be applied specifically to professional sport, particularly focusing on the peculiar institutional mechanisms in sport that potentially impact this application.
This chapter introduces the concept of governance as a key term when examining the current economic situation, including growing economic inequality. In order to understand such an economic and social phenomenon, analytical terms that bridge public companies, state-controlled agencies, and transnational regulators need to be introduced. The chapter introduces and critically discusses key terms in the governance literature, including corporate governance, transnational governance, and related terms such as accountability.