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Edited by Richard J. Cebula, Joshua Hall, Franklin G. Mixon Jr and James E. Payne

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Edited by Richard J. Cebula, Joshua Hall, Franklin G. Mixon Jr and James E. Payne

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María Jesús Abellán Madrid, Antonio García-Tabuenca and Cristina Suárez Gálvez

Innovation is a key factor in modern economies and many companies invest in R & D to obtain such innovations, with both public and private resources. The objective is to achieve and increase productivity and economic growth, but it could also provide a guarantee of long-run performance. The present work explores the relationship between R & D and firm survival. The hypothesis that R & D activity is a positive factor for firm survival is contrasted using data from the Encuesta Sobre Estrategias Empresariales (ESEE – Business Strategies Survey) for the period 1991–2010 and for a sample of Spanish manufacturing firms. With these data, a Cox proportional hazard model is estimated. The results show the existence of a positive relationship between R & D expenditure and survival probability, with differences depending on the environment. Specifically, we show that increasing the ratio of R & D to turnover lowers exit probability, controlling for other factors. The different environments are defined as combinations of both technological (or not) regions and sectors in which firms operate.
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Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Urban Gråsjö and Sofia Wixe

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Charlie Karlsson, Urban Gråsjö and Sofia Wixe

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Edited by Hartmut Hirsch-Kreinsen and Isabel Schwinge

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Hartmut Hirsch-Kreinsen and Isabel Schwinge

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Edited by Hartmut Hirsch-Kreinsen and Isabel Schwinge

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Mark Casson and Catherine Casson

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Zoltán J. Ács, László Szerb and Erkko Autio