In this introduction, Marcelo G. Kohen and Mamadou Hébié present the topic and explain the main methodological choices that the editors have made to structure the international law framework applicable to territorial disputes.
Marcelo G. Kohen and Mamadou Hébié
This chapter introduces the idea of the company share and its role in corporate finance, society and culture at large. The legal nature of a share is explained. It describes patterns of UK share ownership and notes the burgeoning presence of overseas shareholders in UK listed companies. The public policy reasons for regulating shares are identified. The differences between shareholders in limited companies and participators in other organisations are mapped out. Shareholders and other stakeholders are distinguished. The chapter concludes by noting the technical distinction between shareholders and members. The use of the company share as a device to facilitate fraud is noted.
Edmund C. Stazyk and H. George Frederickson
Since its inception, the aim of this Handbook has been three-fold. We have sought, first and foremost, to assemble a unique collection of chapters that offers our readers a broad yet comprehensive scholarly overview of US public administration theory and practice—to be sure, a daunting task. United States public administration is vast in its domains, covering considerable intellectual terrain. For example, Dimock and colleagues have characterized merely the study of public administration in the following manner. [P]ublic administration examines every aspect of government’s efforts to discharge the laws and to give effect to public policy; as a process, it is all the steps taken between the time an enforcement agency assumes a jurisdiction and the last brick is placed (but includes also the agency’s participation, if any, in the formulation of the programme in the first place); and, as a vocation, it is organizing and directing the activities of others in a public agency. (Dimock et al. 1958, pp. 11–12)
The chapter first provides a basic overview of the broad field of personnel economics, examining some of its key research questions and approaches. It then discusses how this broader field can be applied specifically to professional sport, particularly focusing on the peculiar institutional mechanisms in sport that potentially impact this application.
This chapter introduces the concept of governance as a key term when examining the current economic situation, including growing economic inequality. In order to understand such an economic and social phenomenon, analytical terms that bridge public companies, state-controlled agencies, and transnational regulators need to be introduced. The chapter introduces and critically discusses key terms in the governance literature, including corporate governance, transnational governance, and related terms such as accountability.
Christophe Geiger, Craig Allen Nard and Xavier Seuba
Steen Treumer and Mario Comba
The Directive was implemented before the deadline for implementation. The Danish implementation is one of the most interesting in the EU, as the legislator has consistently pushed the boundaries of EU public procurement law. The legislator reformulated the provisions of the Directive, adopted several questionable interpretations, considered numerous issues in further detail than the Directive and engaged in overimplementation. The majority of the questionable interpretations can be found in the preparatory works to the Procurement Act. Preparatory works are an important legal source in the Danish legal system, as it is an exception that Danish courts and complaints boards disregard preparatory works. Nevertheless, this has happened in the procurement context and will likely happen again due to the abovementioned characteristics of the Danish implementation. The regulation of competitive procedure with negotiation, contract changes and a requirement for prior publication of the method of evaluation is also of European interest.
Khaled R. Bashir
This chapter first affirms that both Siyar and Western international law have religious and divine origins. It introduces Siyar (Islamic international law) and explains its relevance to contemporary scholarship. The author then discusses the history of writings in the area and identifies Al-Shaybani as the earliest major contributor to international law who also treated this subject as a separate field for the first time in history. The chapter considers the availability of the original works of Al-Shaybani and decides to rely on the commentary of Al-Sarakhsi on Al-Shaybani’s grand book, as the latter is not available elsewhere. This is done through discussing all previous works related to Al-Shaybani and evaluating their authenticity, comprehensiveness and originality. Through revising Al-Sarakhsi’s authentic commentary, the author identifies the most authentic and complete text of Al-Shaybani’s book. This involved working with original manuscripts and classical writings.
Laura Hyatt and Stuart Allen
Technology plays a significant role in doctoral leadership education providing a channel for teaching, learning, research and administrative practices. In this context, technology applied in doctoral leadership studies requires further exploration and serves to benefit students and society through innovative programs and learning designs. This chapter familiarizes the reader with the content and structure of the book. This is followed by an introduction to each of the chapters and their respective authors. The recent shifts in doctoral education and technology invite a conversation about pedagogical philosophies, processes and policies to consider learning environments and practices that will facilitate the future of postgraduate leadership education.