Daniel J. Gervais
The history of copyright in common law jurisdictions going back to the Statute of Anne was a mostly haphazard process of rights accretion. The complexity grew but because copyright was mostly used by and traded between professionals, the system functioned relatively well. With the advent of the Internet, the absence of physical media to distribute copyright material and the attempts to control the behaviour of individual users online is leading to a deep reconsideration of both the objectives and method of enforcing and using copyright.
Marcela Ramírez Pasillas, Ethel Brundin and Magdalena Markowska
Jani Erola and Elina Kilpi-Jakonen
The aim of this volume is to advance the theoretical and empirical case for compensation as a general mechanism influencing intergenerational social inequality. The volume brings together research on different aspects and types of compensation and covers a number of countries representing different kinds of institutional configurations. This chapter introduces the theoretical basis for compensation and discusses how the study of compensation may give further insights into general processes of intergenerational social inequality. The authors contrast compensation with other mechanisms of resource transfer, namely straightforward accumulation and the multiplication of advantages. They then go further into the different types of compensation and illustrate the kinds of cases in which compensatory processes should be at work. They also discuss how institutions are expected to influence compensation. Finally, they summarize the findings of the empirical chapters that follow and evaluate the extent to which the findings give support for a general theory of compensation, and what the implications are for policy and future research.
This chapter briefly describes the key characteristics of the contemporary crisis. The first characteristic is related to the place where it originated. The second concerns the phenomenon that triggered the crisis, that is, the substantial increase in delinquencies in a specific category of residential mortgages, namely, the so-called subprime mortgages. The third characteristic had to do with the evolution of the crisis since 2007.