Peggy E. Chaudhry
New Modes of Shaping Social Change?
Regine Paul and Marc Mölders
Peter Iver Kaufman
The introduction, authored by Peter Iver Kaufman, includes a brief description of the origin of the project and then provides an overview of the subsequent chapters of the volume.
Beatriz Carrillo, Johanna Hood and Paul Kadetz
Entrepreneurship, Growth and Development in Uncertain Times
Nick Williams and Tim Vorley
Marika Lüders, Tor W. Andreassen, Simon Clatworthy and Tore Hillestad
In the introductory chapter, the editors respond to the fundamental goal for any firm: to maintain and build customer trust. The overall themes of the book are innovation, trust and customer experience. The book’s title – Innovating for Trust – reflects trust as an antecedent to adoption and commercial success, as well as an outcome of adoption and commercial success. In short, managers and innovators need to build trust into all activities of innovation. The chapter starts by defining and discussing the notion of innovation. Attempts to innovate are ultimately about forecasting what the future entails, and what customers may want. Innovative capabilities consequently include creative change thinking; not as an isolated act of a genius but as acts of picking up signals of change and opportunities. Also discussed are dimensions and types of innovations, and the editors distinguish between radical and incremental innovations, on the one hand, and sustaining and disruptive innovations, on the other hand. The notion of the innovation journey as a guide for reading the book is offered, together with an overview of the main contributions of the different parts of the book.
Larissa van den Herik
This chapter introduces the Research Handbook on UN Sanctions and International Law. The Research Handbook studies UN sanctions in a holistic manner so as to identify cross-cutting issues and common challenges, be they substantive, procedural, practical or political, and to gauge general trends. One trend that can currently be witnessed across regimes may be a partial return to more comprehensive sanctions. Another trend, to some extent related, is the rise of unilateral sanctions, particularly also EU regional sanctions, raising questions of interaction between parallel sanctions regimes. This Research Handbook examines interplays and synergies between UN sanctions and unilateral measures and it explores the different legal frameworks that shape and govern these respective regimes. The Research Handbook frames the analyses of UN sanctions through the notions of ‘individualization’ and ‘formalization’. These notions are introduced in this chapter. In the context of individualization, the legal basis for the Security Council to impose sanctions on actors other than States is discussed as well as the sliding scale from comprehensive to targeted sanctions, evoking the question whether there are also different shades of individualization. The chapter proposes a loose notion of ‘formalization’ as capturing sites where substantive or institutional norms or other rule of law considerations have infused the political setting in which UN sanctions operate. The notion is thus used to offer a shared vocabulary allowing for cross-cutting observations. After introducing those notions, the chapter maps the contents of the Handbook and offers a tentative outlook on the future role and position of UN sanctions. Keywords UN sanctions, individualization, formalization, interplay with EU sanctions