In the opening chapter, we explain the importance of engaging critically with social entrepreneurship. We underline the need to make an incisive assessment of social entrepreneurship through the way we (still) publish, critique and imagine books in this field. To all those who want to embark on the path of social entrepreneurship, or are simply curious to hear more about the buzz surrounding social entrepreneurship, we say be aware: we need critique, and we need it now! The affirmative critiques we offer to social entrepreneurship are not based on a priori judgements of social entrepreneurship performed from afar, but are intimately related to specific, phenomenological events and observations. Furthermore, we recapitulate how this book draws upon and intervenes in the critical reception of social entrepreneurship. The chapter ends with an overview of the various chapters and the various critical perspectives and themes they draw on and address.
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An Affirmative Critique
Chris Steyaert and Pascal Dey
Laura J. Spence, Jedrzej George Frynas, Judy N. Muthuri and Jyoti Navare
Edited by Laura J. Spence, Jedrzej G. Frynas, Judy N. Muthuri and Jyoti Navare
A Benefits Approach
Dennis R. Young
Yuko Aoyama and Balaji Parthasarathy
Edited by Dennis R. Young, Elizabeth A.M. Searing and Cassady V. Brewer
Dennis R. Young and Cassady V. Brewer
Social enterprise is a broad and diverse set of phenomena that has emerged in recent decades to address a variety of social issues and problems not sufficiently addressed by traditional governmental, nonprofit or private sector solutions. As such it can be initially understood by extending market failure theory past its current three-sector focus of market, government and voluntary failure into the remaining areas of social concern not sufficiently well served by the three traditional sectors. However, social enterprise does not easily fit the “sector” model; indeed its diversity and complexity require a more embracing conceptual frame of reference. Hence we employ the metaphor of the social enterprise zoo to help define the boundaries and composition of social enterprise. Using this perspective, this book examines the concepts and content of the social enterprise zoo, how the zoo functions as an interactive collection of diverse animals in various habitats, how the zoo is managed and governed by its curators and zookeepers, and how we can assess the performance of the social enterprise zoo in terms of innovation, economic resilience, and overall social impact.