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An uphill struggle

A Fitness Landscape Model Approach

Lasse Gerrits and Peter Marks

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Unravelling the nexus between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities – introduction

Towards an Understanding of the Economies of Neighbourhoods and Communities

Reinout Kleinhans, Darja Reuschke, Maarten van Ham, Colin Mason and Stephen Syrett

Until recently, entrepreneurship and neighbourhood studies were academic disciplines which rarely interacted with each other. However, recent macroeconomic and societal trends have pointed the spotlight on the nexus between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities, highlighting not only the importance of ‘the local’ in entrepreneurship, but also the huge gaps in our knowledge base regarding this tripartite relationship. In much of the literature, a distinction is drawn between entrepreneurship taking place in neighbourhoods or communities, and entrepreneurship taking place for neighbourhoods and communities. This chapter starts out from the international call for interdisciplinary approaches to entrepreneurship and firm formation to overcome entrepreneurship research and neighbourhood and community studies’ mutual neglect for one another’s fields of research. This introduction to a volume of chapters aims to shed light on the multiple relationships between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities across several countries. It asks how neighbourhoods and communities can shape entrepreneurship, a question for which the relevance stems from radical changes of (inter)national and regional labour markets and growing evidence that neighbourhood contexts impact on entrepreneurship and self-employment in various ways. It also asks the ‘reverse’ question: how does entrepreneurship influence neighbourhoods and communities? In doing so, the chapter (and many other chapters in the book) treat ‘community’ as a local, spatially embedded concept. Particular attention is devoted to community-based forms of enterprise and their potential for contemporary bottom-up neighbourhood regeneration.

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Hiroyuki Okamuro, André van Stel and Ingrid Verheul

This chapter investigates the differences in entrepreneurial activity between Japan and the Netherlands. While the Netherlands may be recognized as a well-developed entrepreneurial economy, Japan appears more in a process of transition from a managed to an entrepreneurial economy. The authors attempt to identify the factors that facilitate or hinder the transformation process from a managed to an entrepreneurial economy. The individual contribution of explanatory variables is interpreted according to a benchmark that makes it easy to recommend specific policies for stimulating entrepreneurial activity.

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References

A Fitness Landscape Model Approach

Lasse Gerrits and Peter Marks

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References

Entrepreneurship, Growth and Development in Uncertain Times

Edited by Nick Williams and Tim Vorley

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Edited by Peter Iver Kaufman and Kristin M.S. Bezio

The preface, by Kristin M.S. Bezio, begins with a definition of “culture” and an explanation of how culture—and, specifically, cultural works like literature, art and music—engages in leadership, both on its own and through those who create it.

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Preface

Creating Business Models with New Forms of Innovation​

Stephen Flowers, Martin Meyer and Jari Kuusisto

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The new frontier of innovation

Creating Business Models with New Forms of Innovation​

Stephen Flowers, Martin Meyer and Jari Kuusisto

This is an introductory chapter that outlines the main context for the book – the shift in the ability of users and others to mobilise and coordinate the resources required in order to innovate. This book provides a detailed account of the way in which goods and services are produced and consumed at the new frontier of innovation. Each of the chapters explores a different aspect of this developing frontier and provide detailed case studies of the different forms the processes of creation and consumption are now taking. This is not an exercise in prediction, rather it holds up a mirror to what is happening around us and provides a new toolkit to help make sense of complex and confusing situations. The exciting, or disturbing, reality is that the real-world cases presented throughout the book provide illustrations of possible futures for firms, sectors and entire industries.

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Kristin M.S. Bezio

The first chapter addresses Christopher Marlowe, whose influence over his own time was significant, as he was one of the first playwrights to develop the dramatic formula we have come to associate with the now more famous Shakespeare. In the years since his death in 1593, Marlowe has become an icon of early atheism and heresy, as well as resistance to an authoritarian government. In addition to his impact on the dramatic genre, Marlowe’s work, particularly Massacre at Paris, shows disdain for the violence that seemed to him endemic to the English Reformation, and suggests a nihilistic view of religion as detrimental to society.

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Michael D. Mumford, Sven Hemlin and Tyler J. Mulhearn

In recent years, it has become apparent that the success and survival of firms depends on sustained innovation and the creative efforts of employees. Although many variables influence creativity and innovation, leadership has been found to be one of the most notable, and most powerful, influences on creativity and innovation. In this volume, the editors and contributors examine what is known about the effective leadership of creative efforts with respect to key functions performed by the leaders of creative efforts, the models used to explain the leadership of creative efforts, and the domains, areas, in which we see leadership of creative efforts. This chapter provides an overview of the nature and significance of the topic of this volume, the leadership of creative efforts, and the conclusions emerging from the various chapters included in this volume. Directions for future research are discussed.