International trade has grown rapidly over the past half-century, which the transportation industry has accommodated through concomitant growth and technological change. But, while the connection between transport and trade flows is clear, the academic literature often looks at these two issues (international trade and transport) separately. This Handbook reviews the key concepts in each of these two literatures, while providing new insights into the intersection between them, including such topics as trade facilitation, trade networks, and the role of transport costs in offshoring, foreign investment location, and the role of intermediary firms. Each chapter points to where further study is needed and provides ideas for future research.
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Bruce A. Blonigen and Wesley W. Wilson
A Critical Assessment
Matthias Finger and Kenneth Button
John Stanley, Janet Stanley and Roslynne Hansen
What makes for a great city in the 21st century? If one aspires to a vision like that of Vancouver, as we do, what does it actually mean and how can a city best realise its vision? Questions such as these are the reason for this book, focusing on cities in highly developed western economies and working from a perspective that sees the idea of integrated planning as a core starting point. This chapter outlines some of the important trends we have observed in urban land use transport planning in recent years, such as: a growing sustainability focus; more attention being paid to structural economic changes and how they affect the spatial structure of cities; the growing importance of neighbourhood, adding a local lens to strategic planning; the interest in compact settlement patterns and in how knowledge of built form and travel interactions can be used to promote this settlement pattern; putting transport in its place, as a servant of land use, rather than letting it determine wider urban outcomes ; and, an increased interest in governance and funding. Our interest is in identifying how the growing knowledge base in such areas can be brought together more effectively, to deliver better urban outcomes. This underlines the vital role we see for a broader, more integrated approach to strategic urban land use transport planning. Subsequent chapters explore improved practice in some detail, with extensive use of case study material.