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Edited by Maja Brkan and Evangelia Psychogiopoulou
Evangelia Psychogiopoulou and Maja Brkan
Over the past few years European courts and national courts in several Member States of the European Union (EU) have been called upon to consider a number of cases relating to technological advances with important fundamental rights implications. This introductory chapter discusses the focus of the book and its objectives. It explains that the purpose of the book is to examine judicial attitudes to privacy and data protection in the context of the European multi-level system of rights protection; to investigate the contribution of European and national judiciaries to the development of legal standards and policies that strike an appropriate balance between privacy, data protection and other fundamental rights and interests; and to explore litigation patterns before national and European courts by identifying, in particular, those cases that could be considered as instances of ‘strategic’ litigation. The chapter also presents the structure of the book and gives a brief overview of the content of each chapter. Keywords: European courts, national courts, European multi-level system, privacy, data protection, strategic litigation.