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Luciana Lazzeretti, Francesco Capone and Niccolò Innocenti

This chapter has a twofold objective. First, it aims to contribute to addressing the fragmentation of the literature on the creative economy, and second, to lay the foundation for an economics of creative industries. Following a bibliometric approach, the authors analyse all publications collected from the ISI Web of Science database, starting from 1998 and ending in 2016. Through the analysis of nearly 1600 publications, they study the evolution of creative economy research (CER). They apply a co-citation analysis developed using social network analysis, thereby exploring the ‘founders’ and ‘disseminators’ of cultural and creative industries (CCIs). Results underline that CCIs are not only the major topic in CER research, but this trend has become stronger in the last few years. In addition, evidence of this work strongly confirms the relevance of CCIs in the contemporary economy. This importance can only be expected to grow in the future. This last result supports the hypothesis concerning the foundation of an economics of creative industries.

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Luciano Lazzeretti and Marilena Vecco

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Edited by Nick Williams and Tim Vorley

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Nick Williams and Tim Vorley

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Edited by Nick Williams and Tim Vorley

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Hans Landström and Colin Mason

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Daniel Silander and Charlotte Silander

Using social science and economics perspectives, the goal of this study is to complement the dominant business administration research on entrepreneurship by increasing our knowledge about the economic-political context in which entrepreneurship and private enterprise are conducted. This book explores the role of political entrepreneurs for regional growth and entrepreneurial diversity in Sweden. We define a political entrepreneur as a politician/bureaucrat/officer/department within the publicly funded sector who with innovative approaches encourages entrepreneurship/business and where the goals are growth, employment and the common good. The approach of this book is to enrich the established research on entrepreneurship with in-depth knowledge of the conditions for entrepreneurship in Sweden. The main focus of study is the role that the political entrepreneur might play in promoting entrepreneurship, enterprise and entrepreneurial diversity in the Swedish economy.
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Arnis Sauka, Friedrich Schneider and Colin C. Williams

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José Ernesto Amor—s, Juan Pablo Couyoumdjian, Oscar Cristi and Maria Minniti

The informal sector is usually perceived as a negative feature of an economy since greater informality tends to translate into lower productivity. Nevertheless, informality may be the rational answer to contextual constraints. Thus, given the entrepreneurial nature of the informal sector, we argue that, in an environment with weak institutions, participation in informal activity may be beneficial at both the individual and aggregate levels. Using country-level data we provide evidence of a positive relationship between informal entrepreneurial activity and economic development. Our results suggest that, in countries with weak institutions, informal entrepreneurship is a viable and constructive substitute for the formal sector and is conducive to improvements in living standards.
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Edited by Arnis Sauka, Friedrich Schneider and Colin C. Williams