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Enabling Developing Countries
Chapter 1 provides a conceptual background on the WTO DSU participation benefits, the participation challenges that developing countries face at WTO DSU, and how these challenges can be overcome. In doing so, it outlines various capacity-building solutions that can be employed at the international and domestic levels, with a special focus on strategies that can be employed at the domestic level. The focus of this chapter is to provide an overview of how disputes can be handled effectively at the domestic level in order to improve the performance and participation of developing countries at WTO DSU.
The Evolution of Australian Policy on Trade and Investment
Andrew D. Mitchell, Elizabeth Sheargold and Tania Voon
Although a major proponent of multilateralism, in recent decades Australia has become an enthusiastic participant in bilateral and regional economic initiatives. This chapter provides an overview of Australia’s entry into preferential trade agreements and bilateral investment treaties, situating each generation of these agreements in its political and economic context. It examines how the scope, objectives and content of these agreements have changed over time, identifying key factors that have influenced these changes. The chapter also explains the meaning of ‘regulatory autonomy’ in this book and outlines the structure and purpose of the rest of the book. By their very nature, trade and investment agreements limit regulatory autonomy, by precluding States from implementing policies that adversely affect international trade or foreign investment. This chapter explains why services, intellectual property and investment are of particular concern for Australia, as explored in greater detail in subsequent chapters. Keywords: international economic law, investment, policy space, public international law, regionalism, trade