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Preface

Institutions, Public Administration and Transnational Space

Edited by Jarle Trondal

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Noemi Lendvai-Bainton and Patricia Kennett

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Daniel Béland and Klaus Petersen

This chapter explores the role of ideas and language in the development of social programmes in Europe and beyond. The first part of the chapter offers a concise and critical overview of the existing literature on ideas and policy change; the second part draws attention on the understudied role of policy language and concepts, which is part of a new, cutting-edge agenda for ideational research. Overall, the chapter points to the impact of historical and transnational processes on policy change and, more specifically, on the development of the ideas and social policy nexus in Europe and elsewhere around the world

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Conceptualizing common political order: an introduction

Institutions, Public Administration and Transnational Space

Jarle Trondal

The introductory chapter offers first a terminological overview of the key concepts of the book, followed by a discussion of the research agenda and the conceptual map that guides this volume. The chapter ends with an overview of the chapters of the volume. The key concepts of the book are (i) order suggests a relatively stable arrangement of institutions that are fairly formalized and institutionalized with respect to who does what, when and how; (ii) political suggests that these institutions are entitled and able to (contribute to) initiate, decide and implement public policy; and (iii) Common suggests that these political institutions fulfil at least three criteria: (a) they are fairly independent of pre-existing institutions, (b) they are relatively integrated and cohesive internally and not fragmented and loosely coupled, and (c) they are reasonably able to influence and challenge political processes within other political institutions – thus making the order into a common ‘one’.

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Preface

Comparing Europeanization and Domestic Policy Change in EU Member States

Edited by Israel Solorio and Helge Jörgens

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Foreword

Comparing Europeanization and Domestic Policy Change in EU Member States

Edited by Israel Solorio and Helge Jörgens

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The EU and the promotion of renewable energy: an analytical framework

Comparing Europeanization and Domestic Policy Change in EU Member States

Helge Jörgens and Israel Solorio

Chapter 1 presents the analytical framework used throughout the book to study how renewable energy policies in the EU member states emerged and have changed throughout the past three decades. In order to study renewable energy policymaking in the European Union (EU) and its member states and to untangle the complex policy processes that surround it, the authors draw on the Europeanization framework as their principal analytical tool. Adopting a Europeanization perspective allows emphasis to be put not only on the domestic drivers of national policy change, but also on the (sometimes neglected) role of the EU in renewable energy sources promotion. It also directs the analytical focus to the interactive nature of EU policymaking, characterized by an interdependent mix of uploading, downloading and cross-loading of policies and programmes between the European and the national levels and across EU member states. In order to adequately account for the multiplicity of factors that drive policy change in the European multi-level polity, the authors distinguish between three types of Europeanization – bottom-up, top-down, and horizontal – all of which prove to be relevant in some countries or at some point in time. By explicitly adding a horizontal dimension, the analytical framework goes beyond traditional concepts of Europeanization as a two-way process where member state governments either shape European policy outcomes (bottom-up Europeanization) or adapt to them (top-down Europeanization). Keywords: bottom-up Europeanization, Europeanization, horizontal Europeanization, policy diffusion, renewable energy policy, top-down Europeanization

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Gerald Nagtzaam

Chapter 1 scrutinizes the case study of the primary ‘ecoterrorist’ group protecting animals: the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). It sets out a brief history of animal welfare groups, the Hunt Saboteur protest group and the radical environmental group Band of Mercy that predated the ALF, as well as a biography of the group’s charismatic leader Ronnie Lee. The chapter describes the birth of the ALF both in the UK and the USA. It goes on to critically analyse both the ALF’s underlying philosophy and the development of a radical animal rights philosophy that underpinned ALF actions.
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  • New Horizons in European Politics series

Edited by Hakan G. Sicakkan

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  • New Horizons in European Politics series

Edited by Hakan G. Sicakkan