Browse by title

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 86,798 items

  • Chapters/Articles x
Clear All Modify Search
You do not have access to this content

Guy Mundlak

This is the fourth and final chapter detailing the findings. Following the depiction of tension between the two logics of labour’s collective action and their impact on the use of organizing strategies, this chapter describes practices that seek to bridge the two logics. The first section presents efforts to introduce the organizing logic into social-wide bargaining, and the second section introduces efforts to extend the effects of organizing campaigns beyond the enterprise locale in which they take place. Both directions are demonstrated to be of importance for other industrial relations systems as well. The findings, based on description of existing efforts, also serve the concluding normative message, holding that trade union revitalization must consider the tension between the two logics and identify means to draw on both in a manner that mutually reinforces each other.

You do not have access to this content

Guy Mundlak

The third of the four chapters detailing the findings, this chapter draws on the description of organizing and recruitment practices to problematize their role in systems that still support social-wide bargaining. The chapter covers questions on the efficacy of strategies to increase union density and their potential costs to social-wide bargaining. Furthermore, the chapter looks at the effects of putting such strategies centre-stage in trade unions’ activities on the organizational structure of the union, as well as problems of inter-union rivalry and the pluralization of industrial relations.

You do not have access to this content

Guy Mundlak

The first of the four chapters detailing the findings from the field, this chapter explains why trade unions need new members despite the institutional possibility of engaging in social-wide bargaining, which is not directly dependent on membership rates. Explanations span instrumental financial concerns and ideological accounts. At the centre are concerns about dwindling power resources and declining legitimacy to the privileged position accorded to trade unions by the state.

You do not have access to this content

Guy Mundlak

The chapter serves as a methodological introduction to the study of membership-based revitalization strategies in the four countries. It presents the essentials of workers’ representation in Austria, Germany, Israel and the Netherlands. Methodologically, the chapter explains the use of a qualitative grounded theory method, the choice of countries, and the use of a unified as well as comparative method.

You do not have access to this content

Guy Mundlak

Hybrid industrial relations systems are situated between those with a clear enterprise or social-wide logic. In the former, trade union membership rates are low, and as a derivative so is the coverage of collective agreements; while, in the latter, coverage of agreements is high and the state encourages high membership rates. In the hybrid industrial relations systems, the state provides institutional support for social-wide bargaining, but membership rates are declining. In this growing gap between coverage and membership the chapter explores the trade unions’ interest in membership-based revitalization strategies and the importance of enhancing membership rates to the legitimacy of trade unions’ role in the representation of labour. In countries where trade unions resort to these strategies the distinct logics of labour’s collective action meet, serving as the testing ground for the relationship between the two.

This content is available to you

Guy Mundlak

The freedom of association is enshrined in international conventions and state constitutions, and it has triumphed in many statutes and judicial decisions around the world. Association in the labour context can be viewed as yet another fulfilment of the general freedom to associate, as are the association of shareholders, political party members, social clubs or social movements. However, it is also regarded as a unique right that constitutes a central pillar for governing the labour market; a right intended to achieve goals such as equality, emancipation and dignity. Within the domains of this interpretation, it has been argued that the logic of association on labour’s side is different from that on capital’s side (Offe and Wiesenthal 1980). This book goes further, to argue there are two distinct logics of association on labour’s side, and as the title suggests – two logics of trade union representation. The one logic is that of workers coming together, acting to fight for their rights. The other logic is that of trade unions and employers’ associations, sometimes together with high-ranking officials of the state, negotiating labour market conditions. In both logics, membership is essential for the status, functioning and efficacy of the trade union. This is the unifying feature of both logics, singling out trade unions from other forms of association with similar objectives. Hence, the pivotal reference for understanding that the two logics of labour’s collective action is centred on membership. However, membership and its derivative traits – democracy, accountability, power and legitimacy – work in different ways.

You do not have access to this content

Guy Mundlak

The second of the four chapters detailing the findings, this chapter looks at the diffusion of organizing practices from the Anglo-American countries to countries with a corporatist heritage. Identifying multiple framings of organizing practices, these are distinguished from membership recruitment. The chapter draws on the experience of organizers from the four countries for a detailed account of organizing practices, from initiation to maturation, tying them to the objectives for pursuing membership-based strategies as established in the previous chapter.

You do not have access to this content

Guy Mundlak

The concluding chapter summarizes the findings on organizing practices in the four countries, and ties them to the two logics of labour’s collective action. The chapter demonstrates the application of the two logics to other organizational dilemmas, such as the building of tripartite institutions in developing states, and to account for countries in which membership-based revitalization strategies are not as prominent. The chapter concludes with the necessity of membership concerns for trade unions.

This content is available to you

Guy Mundlak

This content is available to you

Guy Mundlak

The freedom of association designates a special role for trade unions in voicing the interests of workers and participating in the governance of the labour market. This chapter argues that trade unions are distinguished from other institutions of workers’ voice by their membership basis. However, the unity of trade unions conceals two distinct logics of what trade unions do, that is, enterprise-based and social-wide bargaining. The chapter distinguishes between the two on basis of their relationship with the fundamental justifications for the freedom of association, that is, democracy, equality, dignity and solidarity, and the ancillary bases for trade unions' actions – accountability, legitimacy and power. From these differences stem inherent tensions as well as the potential for complementarity, which will frame the study of membership-based strategies for trade unions’ revitalization efforts in the following chapters.