This research review discusses some of the most essential papers encompassing agglomeration economies. Agglomeration economies are manifested in cities and industry clusters shaping the neighborhoods and the regions that contain them. The review analyses econometric methods and data improvements, geographic scales at which agglomeration economies operate, micro-neighborhoods and mega-regions. The author also uncovers the forces driving the field including labor markets, input markets and dynamic phenomena such as innovation, technology change and growth.
Lionel Smith and Alexandra Popovici
This review discusses the most important and influential papers in the field of Equity and Trusts. While taking seriously the intimate and historical relationship between English Equity and the law of trusts, it also addresses new and comparative perspectives on the subject, bringing together common law and civil law, doctrinal scholarship and socio-legal analysis, historical approaches to Equity and functional ones. The review includes a wide range of authors and outlooks ranging from Frederic Maitland to recent material on fiduciary obligations and discretionary trusts, highlighting the universality of Equity as a body of law, and the nature of the Trust as a fundamental juristic institution. This literary piece promises to be a useful tool for academics captivated by this subject area.
Jakob de Haan
This essential research review carefully analyses some of the most influential papers focusing on the relationship between economic and political institutions and economic development. Economic institutions shape economic incentives, such the incentives to become educated, to save and invest, to innovate and to adopt new technologies. Although economic institutions are critical for determining whether a country is poor or prosperous, it is politics and political institutions that determine which economic institutions are present in a country. This review explores these critical relationships and the causes of economic growth, whilst bringing forth the legal, colonial and financial factors, which contribute to economic discrepancies across countries. The text will be a valuable tool for economic researchers and scholars interested in this important subject.
Managing climate change requires action on both its causes (reducing emissions) and its consequences (adapting to impacts that can no longer be avoided). Human societies can thrive in many climatic conditions. However, such adaptation is not necessarily smooth, and it cannot be taken for granted. This review synthesises the contribution of economics to the study and practice of climate resilience and adaptation, identifying some of the most influential articles by economists on climate change adaptation since the topic became a subject of academic interest.
Theories, Principles and Practice
Mark Thomas and Lucy Cradduck
This book examines the theories relevant to the development of skills necessary for effective participation in competition moots. By consideration of underlying theories the authors develop unique models of the skills of the cognitive, psychomotor and affective domains and effective team dynamics; and emphasise the importance of written submissions. The authors use this analysis to develop a unique integrated model that informs the process of coaching moot teams according to reliable principles.
Edited by Robin Hickman, Beatriz Mella Lira, Moshe Givoni and Karst Geurs
With social inequity in urban spaces becoming an increasing concern in our modern world, The Elgar Companion to Transport, Space and Equity explores the relationships between transport and social equity. Transport systems and infrastructure investment can lead to inequitable travel behaviours, with certain socio-demographic groups using particular parts of the transport system and accessing particular activities and opportunities.
Edited by David Landau and Hanna Lerner
Recent years have witnessed an explosion of new research on constitution making. Comparative Constitution Making provides an up-to-date overview of this rapidly expanding field.
Mohd M. Billah, Ezzedine GhlamAllah and Christos Alexakis
The model of Islamic insurance policy is based on the principles of mutual cooperation, brotherhood and solidarity. This timely volume contradicts the widely-held belief that insurance policies oppose the teachings of Islam, exploring ways in which it coheres with Shari’ah law. The book explores Takaful, an insurance paradigm that is in accordance with Islamic principles and suits the needs of modern Islamic economies and communities.
Languages, Discourses and Ideology in Historical Perspective
This timely book provides an intellectual and conceptual history of a key representation of innovation: technological innovation. Tracing the history of the discourses of scholars, practitioners and policy-makers, and exploring how and why innovation became defined as technological, Benoît Godin studies the emergence of the term, its meaning, and its transformation and use over time.
Effective Legal Governance of WWI Wrecks
The recent centenary of WWI has prompted a shift in the way attention is focused on legacy shipwrecks. This timely book considers the development of the laws that apply to these wrecks and the issues that surround them, and deftly analyses the adequacy of the existing legal framework to fulfil its promise of protecting legacy wrecks for future generations as historical and archaeological resources, memorials and, most importantly, as maritime war graves.